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JACOPO PERI (1561–16 ?)

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Originally appearing in Volume V21, Page 144 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JACOPO PERI (1561–16 ?), Italian musical composer, was born at Florence on the loth of August 1561, of a noble family. After studying under Cristoforo Malvezzi of Lucca, he became maestro di cappella, first to Ferdinand, duke of Tuscany, and later to Cosmo II. He was an important member of the literary and artistic circle which frequented the house of Giovanni Bar,di, conte de Vernio, where the revival of Greek tragedy with its appropriate musical declamation was a favourite subject of discussion. With this end in view the poet Ottavio Rinuccini supplied a drama with the title of Dafne, to which Peri composed music, and this first attempt at opera was per-formed privately in 1597 in the Palazzo Corsi at Florence. This work was so much admired that in 1600 Rinuccini and Peri were commissioned to produce an opera on the occasion of the marriage of Henry IV. of France with Maria di' Medici. This work (L'Euridice) attracted a great deal of attention, and the type once publicly established, the musical drama was set on the road to success by the efforts of other composers and the patronage of other courts. Peri himself seems never to have followed up his success with other operas; he became maestro di cappella to the duke of Ferrara in 16o1, but after the publication of his Varie musiche a una, due e tre voci at Florence in 1609, nothing more is known of him. Peri's Dafne (which has entirely disappeared) and Euridice (printed at Florence 1600; reprinted Venice r6o8 and Florence 1863) are of the greatest importance not only as being the earliest attempts at opera, but as representing the new monodic and declamatory style which is the basis of modern music as opposed to the contrapuntal methods of Palestrina and his contemporaries. Peri's work is of course primitive in the extreme, but it is by no means without beauty, and there are many scenes in Euridice which show a considerable dramatic power.
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gestorben am 12.8.1633 in Florenz
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