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PETITIO PRINCIPII, or BEGGING TIIE QU...

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Originally appearing in Volume V21, Page 308 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PETITIO PRINCIPII, or BEGGING TIIE QUESTION (Gr. To v apxjj ).a mj3h ttv, Toe apxfjs aireioOat), in logic, the fourth of Aristotle's fallacies g re r s X swc or extra dictionem. Strictly this fallacy belongs to the language of disputation, when the questioner seeks (petit) to get his adversary to admit the very matter in question. Hence the word principium gives a wrong impression, for the fallacy consists not in seeking for the admission of a principle which will confute the particular proposition—a perfectly legitimate form of refutation—but in luring the adversary into confessing the contradictory. In the ordinary use, however, " begging the question " consists in assuming in the premises the conclusion which it is desired to prove.
End of Article: PETITIO PRINCIPII, or BEGGING TIIE QUESTION (Gr. To v apxjj )
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