Online Encyclopedia

JOHN PETTIE (1839-1893)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V21, Page 336 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHN PETTIE (1839-1893)  , Scottish painter, was born in
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Edinburgh on the 17th of March 1839, the son of Alexander and Alison Pettie . In 1852 the
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family removed to East Linton, Haddingtonshire, and a portrait by the lad of the
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village carrier and his donkey overcame his
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father's objections to
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art as a career for his son . When sixteen he entered the Trustees' Academy in Edinburgh, working under Robert Scott Lauder with W . Q . Orchardson, J . MacWhirter, W . M`Taggart, Peter Graham, Tom Graham and G . P . Chalmers . His first exhibits at the Royal Scottish Academy were " A Scene from the Fortunes of Nigel "—one of the many subjects for which he sought inspiration in the novels of
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Sir Walter Scott—and two portraits in 1858, followed in 1859 by " The Prison Pet." To the Royal Academy in 186o he sent " The Armourers "; and the success of this
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work and or " What d'ye Lack, Madam ? " in the following
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year, encouraged him to settle in
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London (1862), where he joined Orchardson . In 1866 he was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy, and in 1874 received full academical honours in succession to Sir Edwin Landseer .

His diploma picture was "

Jacobites, 1745." Pettie was a hard and rapid worker, and, in his best days, a colourist of a high order and a brilliant executant . In his early days he produced a certain amount of
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book
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illustration . His connexion with Good Words began in 1861, and was continued till 1864 . With J . MacWhirter he illustrated The Postman's Bag (Strahan, 1862), and Wordsworth's
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Poetry for the Young (Strahan, 1863) . His
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principal paintings, in addition to those already mentioned, are " Cromwell's Saints " (1862); " The Trio " (1863); " George Fox refusing to take the Oath " (1864); " A Drumhead Court-martial "(1865); " The Arrest for
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Witchcraft " (1866) ; " Treason" (1867, now in the Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield); " Tussle with a Highland Smuggler " (1868); " The Sally " (1870); " Terms to the Besieged " (1872) ; " The Fiag of Truce " (1873); " Ho ! Ho ! Old Noll " and " A State Secret " (1874) ; "A Sword and
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Dagger Fight" (1877) ; " The
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Death Warrant " (1879) ; " Monmouth and James II."(1882); " The Vigil " (1884, in the Chantrey Collection,
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National Gallery of
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British Art); " Challenged " (1885); " The Chieftain's Candlesticks " (1886) ; " Two Strings to Her Bow " (1887); " The Traitor " and " Sir Charles Wyndham as David Garrick " (1888); and " The Ultimatum " and " Bonnie Prince Charlie " (1892) . Pettie died at Hastings on the 21st of
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February 1893 . In 1894 a selection of his work was included in the Winter
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Exhibition of the Royal Academy . His portrait by himself is in the Tate Gallery . John Pettie, R.A .

(London, 1908), by his

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nephew Martin Hardie, gives the story of his
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life, a catalogue of his pictures, and fifty reproductions in colours .

End of Article: JOHN PETTIE (1839-1893)
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