Online Encyclopedia

PHILIP

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V21, Page 376 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PHILIP, " the evangelist," is first mentioned in the Acts (vi. 5) as one of " the seven " who were chosen to attend to certain temporal affairs of the church in Jerusalem in consequence of the murmurings of the Hellenists against the Hebrews. After the martyrdom of Stephen he went to " the city of Samaria," where he preached with much success, Simon Magus being one of his converts. He afterwards instructed and baptized the Ethiopian eunuch on the road between Jerusalem and Gaza; next he was " caught away " by the Spirit and " found at Azotus " (Ashdod), whence " passing through he preached in all the cities till he came to Caesarea " (Acts viii.). Here some years after-wards, according to Acts xxi. 8, 9, where he is described as " the evangelist " (a term found again in the New Testament only in Eph. iv. II; 2 Tim. iv. 5), he entertained Paul and his companion on their way to Jerusalem; at that time " he had four daughters which did prophesy." At a very early period he came to be confounded with the apostle Philip (see above); the confusion was all the more easy because, as an esteemed member of the apostolic company, he may readily have been described as an apostle in the wider sense of that word (see further Salmon, Introd. to the New Testament, 7th ed., p. 313 sqq.). A late tradition describes him as settling at Tralles in Asia Minor, where he be-came the overseer or ruler of the church. " Philip the deacon " is commemorated on the 6th of June. -
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