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PHILIPPE LOUIS MARC ANTOINE

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Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 723 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PHILIPPE LOUIS MARC ANTOINE, duke of Noailles and prince of Poix (1752-1819), was born on the 21st of November 1752. In 1789 he was elected deputy of the States-General by the nobility of the bailliages of Amiens and Ham, but was compelled to resign in consequence of a duel with the commander of the Garde Nationale at Versailles. He left the country for some time, but returned to France and took part in the revolution of the loth of August 1792. He was, however, forced to quit the country once more to evade the fate of his father and mother. Returning to France in 1800, he lived quietly at his residence at Mouchy during the empire. At the Restoration he was brought again into favour and became a peer of France. He died at Paris on the 17th of February 1819. Louts MARIE (17.56-1804), vicomte de Noailles, was the second son of the marshal. He served brilliantly under La Fayette in America, and was the officer who concluded the capitulation of York-town. He was elected to the States-General in 1789. He began the famous " orgie," as Mirabeau called it, on the 4th of August, when all privileges were abolished, and with d'Aiguilion proposed the abolition of titles and liveries in June 1790. When the revolution became more pronounced he emigrated to America, and became a partner in Bingham's bank at Philadelphia. He was very successful, and might have lived happily had he not accepted a command against the English in San Domingo, under Rochambeau. He made a brilliant defence of the mole St Nicholas, and escaped with the garrison to Cuba; but in making for Havana his ship was attacked by an English frigate, and after a long engagement he was severely wounded, and died of his wounds on the 9th of January 1804.
End of Article: PHILIPPE LOUIS MARC ANTOINE
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