Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V21, Page 407 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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THOMAS PHILLIPS (1770-1845), English portrait and subject painter, was born at Dudley in Warwickshire on the 18th of October 1770. Having acquired the art of glass-painting at Birmingham he visited London in 1790 with an introduction to Benjamin West, who found him employment on the windows in St George's Chapel at Windsor. In 1792 Phillips painted a view of Windsor Castle, and in the next two years he exhibited the " Death of Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, at the Battle of Castillon," " Ruth and Naomi," " Elijah re-storing the Widow's Son," " Cupid disarmed by Euphrosyne," and other pictures. After 1796, however, he mainly con-fined himself to portrait-painting. It was not long before he became the chosen painter of men of genius and talent, notwithstanding the rivalry of Hoppner, Owen, Jackson and Lawrence; and he left behind portraits of nearly all the illus-trious characters of his day. In 1804 he was elected associate and in 18o8 member of the Royal Academy. In 1824 Phillips succeeded Fuseli as professor of painting to the Royal Academy, an office which he held till 1832. During this period he de-livered ten Lectures on the History and Principles of Painting, which were published in 1833. He died on the loth of Aprii 1845.
End of Article: THOMAS PHILLIPS (1770-1845)

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