Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V21, Page 448 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: it!
PHOCAS, East Roman emperor (602-610), was a Cappadocian of humble origin. He was still but a centurion when chosen by the army of the Danube to lead it against Constantinople. A revolt within the city soon afterwards resulted in the abdication of the reigning emperor Maurice, and in the elevation of Phocas to the throne, which seems to have been accomplished by one of the circus factions against the wish of the troops. Phocas proved entirely incapable of governing the empire. He consented to pay an increased tribute to the Avars and allowed the Persians, who had declared war in 604 under Chosroes II., to overrun the Asiatic provinces and to penetrate to the Bosporus. When the African governor Heraclius declared against him, Phocas was deserted by the starving populace of Constantinople, and deposed with scarcely a struggle (61o). He died in the same year on the scaffold. See J. B. Bury, The Later Roman Empire (London, 1889), ii. 197-206.
End of Article: PHOCAS
PHOCAEA (mod. Fukia or Fokha)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.