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PHOENIX

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V21, Page 458 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PHOENIX, the capital of Arizona, U.S.A., and the county-seat of Maricopa county, situated on the Salt river, in the south central part of the state. Pop. (189o), 3152; (1900), 5544 (935 being foreign-born and 148 negroes); (1910) 11,134. It is served by the Arizona Eastern and the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix railways, the former connecting at Maricopa (35 M. distant) with the Southern Pacific and the latter connecting at Ash Fork, near Prescott (194 M. distant), with the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe. The city is a popular winter and health resort, with a fine dry climate. The city is the see of a Protestant Episcopal bishopric. About 3 in. north of the city is the Phoenix (non-reservation) boarding-school for Indians, supported by the United States government, with an average attendance of about 700 pupils. The city lies in a great plain, in the centre of a region of pastures, gardens and orchards, the largest and most beautiful farming district of Arizona, irrigated with water stored by the great Roosevelt dam (about 70 M. north-east of Phoenix). Local interests are almost entirely in agriculture, stock-raising and fruit-growing. In the surrounding region are several large ostrich farms and a small exhibition ranch. Phoenix was settled in 187o, became the county-seat on the organization of Maricopa county in 1871, was incorporated in 1881, and became the capital of Arizona in 1888.
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