PIKE , a word which, with its
See also:collateral forms " pick " and "
See also:peak," has as its basic meaning that of anything pointed or tapering to a point . The ultimate etymology is much disputed, and the interrelation of the collaterals is very confused . In Old
See also:English there are two forms (
See also:pie), one with a long and the other with a
See also:short vowel, which give " pike " and " pick " respectively . The first
See also:form gave in the 15th century the variant " peak," first with reference to the peaked shoes then fashionable, pekyd schone . In Romanic
See also:languages are found Fr. pie., Span .
See also:Pico, Ital. piccare, to
See also:pierce, &c . There are also similar words in Welsh, Cornish and Breton . The Scandinavian forms, e.g . Swed. and Nor.
See also:pile, are probably taken from English . While some authorities take the
See also:Celtic as the
See also:original, others look to Latin for the source . Here the
See also:picus, is referred to, or more probably the
See also:root seen in
See also:silica, ear of corn, and spina, prickle (English spike, spine) . The current differentiation in meanings attached to pike, pick and peak are more or less clearly marked, though in dialects they may vary .
(1) Pike: Apart from the use as the name of the
See also:fish (see above), probably a shortened form of pike-fish, from its
See also:sharp, pointed
See also:beak, the
See also:common uses of the word are for a long hafted weapon with sharply pointed
See also:head of iron or
See also:steel, the common weapon of the
See also:foot-soldier till the introduction of the
See also:bayonet (see
See also:SPEAR and BAYONET), and for a
See also:hill with a pointed
See also:summit, appearing chiefly in the names of such hills in
See also:Cumberland, Westmorland and
See also:North West
See also:Lancashire . It may be noticed that the proverbial expression " plain as a pike-
See also:staff " appears originally as " plain as a
See also:pack-staff," the
See also:flat plain sided staff on which a pedlar carried and rested his pack . The use of " pike " for a
See also:highway, a
See also:gate, &c., is merely short for "
See also:turnpike." (2) Pick: As a substantive this form is chiefly used of the common
See also:tool of the
See also:navvy and the miner, consisting of a curved
See also:double-ended head set at right angles to the handle, one end being squared with a
See also:chisel edge, the other pointed, and used for loosening and breaking hard masses of
See also:coal, &c . (see Toots) . The other name for this tool, " pickaxe," is a corruption of the earlier pikoys, Fr. picois, M .
See also:Lat. picosium, formed from Fr. pie, the termination being adapted to the
See also:familiar English "
See also:axe." The sense-development of the verb " to pick " is not very clear, but the following meanings give the probable
See also:line: to dig into anything like a
See also:bird with its beak, in
See also:order to extract or remove something, to gather,
See also:pluck, hence to select, choose . (3) Peak: The chief uses are for the front of a cap or
See also:hat projecting sharply over the eyes, for the
See also:part of a
See also:ship's of
See also:Sejanus, to be procurator over part of the imperial province of
See also:Syria, viz .
See also:Samaria and Idumea . He ruled ten years, quarrelled almost continuously with the Jews—whom Sejanus, diverging from the Caesar tradition, is said to have disliked—and in A.D . 36 was recalled . Before he arrived Tiberius died, and
See also:Pilate disappears from
See also:history .
See also:Eusebius relates (Hist. eccl. ii .
7)—but three centuries later and on the authority of earlier writers unnamed—that he was exiled toGaul and committed suicide at Vienne . Pilate kept the
See also:Roman peace in
See also:Palestine but with little understanding of the
See also:people . Sometimes he had to yield; as when he had sent the
See also:standards, by
See also:night, into the
See also:Holy City, and was besieged for five days by suppliants who had rushed to Caesarea (Jos .
See also:Ant . 31; B . J. ii. ix . 2, 3); and again when he hung up inscribed
See also:shields in Jerusalem, and was ordered by Tiberius to remove them to the other city (Philo ad Gaium 38) . Sometimes he struck more promptly; as when the
See also:mob piotested against his using the
See also:temple treasure to build an aqueduct for Jerusalem, and he disguised his soldiers to disperse them with clubs (Jos . Ant. xviii . 3, 2); or when he " mingled the
See also:blood " of some unknown Galileana " with their sacrifices " (Luke xiii . 1); or slew the
See also:Samaritans who came to Mt
See also:Gerizim to dig up sacred vessels hidden by Moses there (Jos . Ant. xviii .
4, 1)—an incident which led to his recall . Philo, who tells how any
See also:suggestion of
See also:appeal by the Jews to Tiberius enraged him, sums up their view of Pilate in Agrippa's words, as a man " inflexible, merciless, obstinate." A more discriminating
See also:light is thrown upon him by the New Testament narratives of the trial of Jesus . They illustrate the right of review or recognitio which the Romans retained, at least in capital causes; the
See also:charge brought in this case of acting adversus majestatem populi romani; the claim made by Jesus to be a
See also:king; and the result that his
See also:judge became convinced that the claimant was opposed neither to the public peace nor to the
See also:civil supremacy of Rome . The result is explained only by the
See also:dialogue, recorded exclusively in
See also:John, which shows the accused and the Roman
See also:meeting on the highest levels of the thought and
See also:conscience of the
See also:time . " I am come to bear witness unto the truth . . . Pilate answered, What is truth?" Estimates of Pilate's attitude at this point have varied infinitely, from
See also:Tertullian's, that he was " already in conviction a Christian "—jam
See also:pro sua conscientia Christianus- i in 4) to the summit . In 1905 a powerful searchlight was to
See also:Bacon's " jesting Pilate," who would not stay for a reply. erected on the summit . We know only that to his persistent attempts thereafter to get Pike's Peak was discovered in
See also:November 1806 by Lieut. his proposed
See also:verdict accepted by the people, came their fatal Zebuln- M . Pike . He attempted to scale it, but took the wrong answer, " Thou
See also:art not Caesar's friend," and that at last he path and found himself at the summit of Cheyenne
See also:Mountain . He pronounced the mountain unclimbable .
In 1819 it was successfully climbed by the exploring party ofMajor S . H . Long .
BARON GEORGE PIGOT (1719-1777)
ZEBULON MONTGOMERY PIKE (1779-1813)
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