PINK , inbotany, the
See also:common name corresponding to a genus of Caryophyllacae, the Dianthus of botanists . It is characterized by the presence of
See also:simple leaves
See also:borne in pairs at the thickened nodes,
See also:flowers terminating the
See also:axis and having a tubular calyx surrounded by a number of overlapping bracts, a showy corolla of five
See also:free long-stalked petals, ten stamens proceeding, together with the petals, from a
See also:short stalk supporting the ovary, which latter has two styles and ripens into a cylindric or oblong
See also:god-like one-chambered many-seeded capsule which opens at the
See also:apex by four cults or valves . The
See also:species are herbaceous perennials of low stature, often with very showy flowers . They are natives chiefly of
See also:Europe and the Mediterranean region, a few being found in temperate
See also:Asia and South Africa . Four species are
See also:wild in Britain . Of these, D. armeria,
See also:Deptford pink and D. deltoides,
See also:maiden pink, are generally distributed, D. caesius,
See also:Cheddar pink, occurs only on the
See also:limestone rocks at Cheddar . Two others, D. plumarius and D. caryophyllus, are more or less naturalized, and are interesting as being the originals of the pinks and of the carnations and picotees of
See also:English gardens .
See also:Garden pinks are derivatives from Dianthus plumarius, a native of central Europe, with leaves rough at the edges, and with
See also:rose-coloured or purplish flowers . The use of " pink " for a
See also:colour is taken from the name of the plant .l The pink is a favourite garden flower of
See also:hardy constitution . It has been in cultivation in England since 1629, and is a
See also:great favourite with florists, those varieties being preferred which i The etymology of " pink " is disputed; it may be connected with " to pink " (apparently a naturalized
See also:form of " pick "), properly to prick or
See also:punch holes in material for the purpose of
See also:ornament, hence, later, to scallop or cut a
See also:pattern in the edge of the material . The flower has jagged edges to the petals, but the name occurs in the 16th century, and the later meaning, " to scallop," not till the 19th . Others connect with " pink,"
See also:half-shut blinking of the eyes, as in " plumpie Bacehus, with pinke eyne" (Shakspeare
See also:Ant. and Cl. u. vii .
121); this word is seen ha Dutch pinken, to blink, shut the eyes, and may be connected wir " pinch." TheFrench name for the flower, oeillet, little
See also:eye, may point to this derivation . The disease of horses, known as " pink-eye," a contagious
See also:influenza, is so-called from the colour of the inflamed conjunctiva, a symptom of the affection have the margin of the petals entire, and which are well marked in the centre with bright
See also:crimson or dark
See also:purple . Its grassy but glaucous foliage is much like that of the carnation, but the whole plant is smaller and more tufted . Pinks require a free loamy
See also:soil deeply trenched, and well enriched with cow-dung . They are readily increased by cuttings (pipings), by layers and by seed . Cuttings and layers should be taken as early in
See also:July as practicable . The former should be rooted in a
See also:frame or in a shady spot out of doors . When rooted, which will be about
See also:August, they should be planted 4 in. apart in a nursery
See also:bed, where they may remain till the latter
See also:part of
See also:September or the early part of
See also:October . The chief
See also:attention required during winter is to
See also:press them down firmly should they become lifted by frosts, and in
See also:spring the ground should be frequently stirred and kept free from weeds . The pink is raised from seeds, not only to obtain new varieties, but to keep up a
See also:race of vigorous-growing sorts . The seeds may be sown in
See also:March or
See also:April in pots in a warm frame, and the
See also:plants may be pricked off into boxes and sheltered in a cold frame . They should be planted out in the early part of the summer in nursery beds, in which, if they have space, they may remain to flower, or the alternate ones may be transplanted to a blooming bed in September or the early part of October; in either case they will
See also:bloom the following summer .
These will grow in any
See also:good garden soil, but the richer it is the better . The border varieties are useful for forcing during the early spring months . These are propagated from early pipings and grown in nursery beds, being taken up in October, potted in a
See also:rich loamy compost, and wintered in a cold
See also:pit till required for the forcing
See also:house . The following varieties are among the best . For
See also:borders and forcing:
See also:Carnea, Delicata, Derby
See also:Day, Her
See also:Majesty, Hercules, Anne Boleyn,
See also:Blanche, Mrs Sinkins, Mrs
See also:James Welsh, Pilrig
See also:Rubens, Snowdon, Tom Welsh . Florists' show and laced varieties: Attraction, Beauty of Bath,
See also:Clara, Criterion, Ensign, Galopin, Harry
See also:Ball, Malcolm Dunn, Mrs D .
See also:Gray, Reliance,
See also:William Paul . The Carnation (q.v.) and Picotee are modifications of Dianthus Caryophyllus, the Clove Pink . This is a native of Europe, growing on rocks in the south, but in the
See also:north usually found on old walls . Its occurrence in England on some of the old Norman castles, as at Rochester, is supposed by
See also:Canon Ellacombe to indicate its introduction by the
See also:Normans; in any case the plant grows in similar situations in
See also:Normandy . The carnation includes those flowers which are streaked or striped lengthwise—the picotees are those in which the petals have a narrow
See also:band of colour along the edge, the
See also:remainder of the petal being free from stripes or blotches . These by the old writers were called " gillyflowers." The Sweet William of gardens is a product from Dianthus barbatus .
See also:Sea-Pink, or
See also:Thrift, Statice Armeria (Armeria vulgaris), is a member of the natural
See also:order Plumbagineae; it is a widely distributed plant found on rocky and stony sea-shores and on lofty mountains . There are many improved varieties of it now in cultivation, one with almost pure
See also:white flowers .
ALLAN PINKERTON (1819–1884)
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