PIRNA , a
See also:town in the
See also:kingdom of Saxony, on the
See also:bank of the Elbe, 11 m. above
See also:Dresden, and on the railway to
See also:Bodenbach and
See also:Prague . Pop . (1905), 19,220 . The town is regularly built, with promenades covering the site of the old fortifications; the most notable edifices are the
See also:church, built in the 16th century and restored in 189o, and the old town-
See also:hall . Excellent
See also:sandstone is found on both
See also:banks of the Elbe . There are manufactures of
See also:glass, machinery, cigars, pottery and enamelled goods; and there is a
See also:trade in
See also:grain, fruit and
See also:timber, mainly carried on by
See also:river, and a little
See also:shipbuilding . Pirna, originally a
See also:Slavonic settlement, was for many years in the alternate possession of Bohemia and
See also:Meissen, but it became permanently
See also:united with the latter, and thus with Saxony, in 1405 . The Sonnenstein, a fortress on a commanding
See also:eminence above the town, was erected in the 16th century on the site of an older
See also:castle by the elector of Saxony,
See also:Augustus I . It was once considered the most important fortress on the Elbe, and successfully withstood the Swedes in 1639, but it was captured and dismantled by the Prussians in 1758, and in 1813 was occupied by the French . See R .
See also:Hofmann, Zur Geschichte der Stadt Pirna (Pirna, 1891); E . Kiingel, Fuhrer durch Pirna (Pirna, 1889) ; the Urkundenbuch der Steidle Dresden and Pirna, edited by C .
F. von Posern-Klett (
See also:Leipzig, 1875) ; and the publications of the Verein fur Geschichte der Stadt Pirna (Pirna, 1897 seq.) .
OCTAVE PIRMEZ (1832-1883)
PIROGUE, or PIRAGUA (the French and Spanish forms r...
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