See also:British East India
See also:merchant and politician, usually called "
See also:Diamond Pitt," was
See also:born at Bland-
See also:ford, Dorset, on the 5th of
See also:July 1653 . In early
See also:life he went to India, and from his headquarters at
See also:Balasore he made trading journeys into
See also:Persia and soon became prominent among those who were carrying on business in opposition to the East India
See also:Company . Twice he was arrested by
See also:order of the company, the second
See also:time being when he reached
See also:London in 1683, but after litigation had detained him for some years in England he returned to India and to his former career . Unable to check him the East India Company took him into its service in 1695, and in 1697 he became
See also:president of Fort St
See also:George, or
See also:Madras . Pitt was now very zealous in defending the interests of his employers against the new East India Company, and in protecting their settlements from the attacks of the natives; in directing the commercial undertakings of the company he also appears to have been very successful . Soon, however, he had a serious
See also:quarrel with
See also:Fraser, a member of his council, and consequently he was relieved of his
See also:office in 1709, although he was afterwards consulted by the company on matters of importance . During his residence in India Pitt bought for about £20,000 the
See also:fine diamond which was named after him; in 1717 he sold this to the
See also:regent of France,
See also:Philip duke of
See also:Orleans, for £8o,000 or, according to another account, for £135,000 . It is now the
See also:property of the French
See also:government . During his former stay in England Pitt had bought a
See also:deal of property, including the
See also:manor of Old Sarum, and for a
See also:short time he had represented this
See also:borough in parliament . After his final return from India in 1710 he added to his properties and again became member of parliament for Old Sarum . He died at Swallowfield near
See also:Reading on the 28th of
See also:April 1726 . His eldest son, Robert, was the
See also:father of William Pitt,
See also:earl of Chatham (q.v.); and of
See also:Thomas Pitt (d.1761), whose son became the first
See also:Lord Camelford; his second son, Thomas Pitt (c .
1688-1729), having married Frances (d . 1772), daughter of Robert Ridgeway, 4th earl of
See also:Londonderry (d . 1714), was himself created earl of Londonderry in 1726 .
GIUSEPPE OTTAVIO PITONI (1657-1743)
WILLIAM PITT (1759-1806)
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