Online Encyclopedia

POLONNARUWA

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V22, Page 13 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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POLONNARUWA, a ruined city and ancient capital of Ceylon. It first became a royal residence in A.D. 368, when the lake of Topawewa was formed, and succeeded Anuradhapura as the capital in the middle of the 8th century. The principal ruins date chiefly from the time of Prakrama Bahu (A.D. 1153-1186). The most imposing pile remaining is the Jetawanarama temple, a building 170 it. in length, with walls about 8o ft. high and 12 ft. thick. The city is now entirely deserted, and, as in the case of Anuradhapura, its ruins have only recently been rescued from the jungle.
End of Article: POLONNARUWA
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