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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V22, Page 62 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOSEPH ANTHONY PONIATOWSKI (1763-1813), Polish He entered the Marseilles observatory in 1789, and in 1819 prince and marshal of France, son of Andrew Poniatowski and the became the director of the new observatory at Marlia near countess Theresa Kinsky, was born at Warsaw in 1763. Adopt- Lucca, which he, left in 1825 for the observatory of the museum ing a military career, he joined the Imperial army when Austria at Florence. Here he died on the 14th of October 1831. declared war against the Turks in 1788, and distinguished Between 1801 and 1827 Pons discovered thirty-seven comets, one himself at the storming of Sabac on the 25th of April, where of which (observed on the 26th of November 1818) was named he was seriously wounded. Recalled by his uncle King Stanis- after J. F. Encke, who determined its remarkably short period. laus when the Polish army was reorganized, he received the rank See M. R. A. Henrion, Annuaire biographique, i. 288 (Paris, 1834); of major-general, and subsequently that of lieutenant-general, Memoirs Roy. Astron. Soc. v. 410; R. Wolf, Geschichte der and devoted himself zealously to the improvement of the Astronomie, p. 709; J. C. Poggendorff, Biog. lit. Handworterbuch.
End of Article: JOSEPH ANTHONY PONIATOWSKI (1763-1813)

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