POOL . (I) Apond, or a small
See also:body of still
See also:water; also a place in a
See also:river or stream where the water is deep and still,, so applied in the
See also:Thames to that
See also:part of the river known as The Pool, which reaches from below
See also:Bridge to Limehouse . . The word in Old
See also:English was pbl, which may be related to pull or pyll, and the similar
See also:Celtic words, e.g . Cornish pol, a creek,
See also:common on the
See also:Bristol Channel and estuary of the Severn, on the English side in the
See also:form " pill." A further connexion has been suggested with
See also:Lat. palus,
See also:marsh; Gr. irgMs, mud, ; (2) A name for the stakes, penalties, &c., in various, card and other
See also:games when collected together to be paid out to the winners; also the name of a variety of games of
See also:billiards (q.v.) . This word has a curious
See also:history . It is certainly adapted from Fr. poule,
See also:hen, chicken, apparently a
See also:term for the stakes in a
See also:game, possibly, as the New English
See also:Dictionary suggests, used as a synonym for
See also:booty . " Chicken-
See also:hazard " might be cited as a parallel, though that has been taken to be a corruption of " chequeen," a form of the
See also:coin, a sequin . When the word came into use in English at the end of the 17th century, it seems to have been at once identified with " pool," pond, as Fr. fiche (Eicher, to
See also:fix), a
See also:counter, was with "
See also:fish," counters in card games often taking the form of " fish " made of
See also:mother-of-pearl, &c . " Pool," in the sense of a common fund, has been adopted as a commercial term for a combination for the purpose ,of speculating in
See also:stocks and shares, the several owners of securities " pooling" them and placing them under a single
See also:control, and sharing all losses and profits .. Similarly the name is given to a form of
See also:trade combination; especially in railway or
See also:shipping companies, by which the receipts or profits are divided on a certain agreed-upon basis, for the purpose of avoiding competition (see
See also:TRUSTS) .
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