POROS , or PoRO (" the
See also:Ford "), an
See also:island off the east
See also:coast of the Morea, separated at its western extremity by only a narrow channel from the mainland at Troezen, and consisting of a mass of
See also:rock and of a mass of
See also:trachyte connected by a slight sandy
See also:isthmus . The
See also:town looks down on the beautiful
See also:harbour between the island and the mainland on the south . The
See also:ancient Calauria, with which Poros is identified, was given, according to the myth, by
See also:Apollo to
See also:Poseidon in
See also:exchange for
See also:Delos; and it became in historic times famous for a
See also:temple of the
See also:god, which formed the centre of an
See also:amphictyony of seven maritime states—Hermione,
See also:Epidaurus, Aegina, Athens, Prasiae, Na.uplia, and Orchomenus . Here
See also:Demosthenes took sanctuary with " gracious Poseidon," and, when this threatened to fail him, sought
See also:death . The
See also:building was of Doric architecture and
See also:lay on a
See also:ridge of the
See also:hill commanding a
See also:fine view of Athens and the Saronic Gulf, near the
See also:middle of the limestone
See also:part of the island . The site was excavated in 1894, and traces of a sacred
See also:agora with porticoes and other buildings, as well as the temple, have been found . In the neighbourhood of Poros-Calauria are two small islands, the more
See also:westerly of which contains the ruins of a small temple, and is probably the ancient Sphaeria or Hiera mentioned by
See also:Pausanias as the seat of a temple of Athena
See also:Apaturia . The
See also:English, French, and
See also:Russian plenipotentiaries met at Poros in 1828 to discuss the basis of the Greek
See also:government . See
See also:Chandler, Travels;
See also:Leake, Morea; Le Bas, Voyage archeologique; Curtius, Peloponnesos; Pouillon-Boblaye, Recherches;
See also:Bursian, Geographie von Griechenland; Rangabe ' Ein Ausflug nach Poros," in Deutsche Revue (1883); and S . Wide, in Mitteilungen d. deutsch . Inst . Athen .
(1895), vol. xx .
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