See also:naval officer, was
See also:born in Boston, Massachusetts, on the 1st of
See also:February 1780 . His
See also:David, and his
See also:Samuel, commanded American
See also:ships in the War of Independence . In 1796 he accompanied his father to the West Indies; on a second and on a third voyage he was impressed on
See also:British vessels, from which, however, he escaped . He became a
See also:midshipman in the
See also:United States
See also:Navy in
See also:April 1798; served on the "
See also:Constellation (Captain
See also:Thomas Truxton) and was midshipman of the foretop when the " Constellation " defeated the " Insurgente "; was promoted
See also:lieutenant in
See also:October 1799, and was in four successful actions with French ships in this
See also:year . In 1803, during the war with
See also:Tripoli, he was first lieutenant of the "
See also:Philadelphia " when that vessel grounded, was taken prisoner, and was not released until
See also:June 18o5 . He was commissioned
See also:master commandant in April 1806; in 1807–18ro served about New
See also:Orleans 1, where he captured several French privateers, and in 1812 was promoted captain . He commanded the
See also:frigate "
See also:Essex " in her famous voyage in 1812–1814 . In the
See also:Atlantic he captured seven brigs, one
See also:ship, on the 13th of
See also:August 1812, the
See also:sloop " Alert," the first British war vessel taken in the War of 1812 . Without orders from his superiors he then (February 1813) rounded Cape
See also:Horn, the harbours of the east
See also:coast of South
See also:America being closed to him . In the South Pacific he captured many British whalers (the British losses were estimated at £500,000), and. on his own authority took formal possession (
See also:November 1813) of Nukahivah, the largest of the
See also:Marquesas Islands; the United States, however, never asserted any claim to the
See also:island, which in 1842, with the other Marquesas, was annexed by France . During most of February and
See also:March 1814 he was blockaded by the British frigates " Cherub " and "
See also:Phoebe " in the
See also:harbour of
See also:Valparaiso, and on the 28th of March was defeated by these vessels, which seem to have violated the
See also:neutrality of the
See also:port . He was released on parole, and sailed for New
See also:York on the " Essex, Jr.," a small vessel which he had captured from the British, and which accompanied the " Essex." At Sandy
See also:Hook he was detained by the captain of the British ship-of-war " Saturn " (who declared that
See also:Porter's parole was no longer effective), but escaped in a small
See also:boat .
He was a member of the new
See also:board of naval commissioners from 1815 until 1823, when he commanded a
See also:squadron sent to the West Indies to suppress piracy . One of his
See also:officers, who landed at
See also:Fajardo (or Foxardo),
See also:Porto Rico, in pursuit of a pirate, was imprisoned by the
See also:Spanish authorities on the
See also:charge of piracy . Porter, without
See also:reporting the incident or awaiting instructions, forced the authorities to apologize . He was recalled (
See also:December 1824), was
See also:court-martialled, and was suspended for six months . In August 1826 he resigned his commission, and until 1829 was
See also:commander-in-chief of the Mexican navy, then fighting Spain; in payment for his services he received
See also:land in Tehuantepec, where he hoped to promote an inter-oceanic canal .
See also:President Andrew
See also:Jackson appointed him
See also:consul-general to Algiers in 1830, and in 1831 created for him the
See also:post of charge d'affaires at Constantinople, where in 1841 he became
See also:minister . He died in Pera on the 3rd of March 1843 . He wrote a Journal of a Cruise made to the Pacific Ocean in the U.S . Frigate " Essex" in 1812–13–14 (2 vols., 1815; 2nd ed., 1822), and Constantinople and its Environs (2 vols., 1835), a valuable
See also:book . See the Memoir of Commodore David Porter (Albany, New York, 1875), by his son,
See also:Admiral David D . Porter .
BENJAMIN CURTIS PORTER (1843– )
DAVID DIXON PORTER (1813-1891)
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