PORTSMOUTH , acity of Norfolk
See also:county, Virginia, U.S.A., on the
See also:river opposite Norfolk . Pop . (191o,
See also:census), 33190 . Portsmouth is served by the
See also:Line, the Seaboard Air Line, the Chesapeake &
See also:Ohio and the New
See also:Philadelphia & Norfolk (Pennsylvania
See also:system), the
See also:Southern, and the Norfolk & Western
See also:railways, by steamboat lines to
See also:Washington, Baltimore, New York,
See also:Providence and Boston, by ferries to Norfolk, and by electric lines to numerous suburbs . There is a 3o-ft. channel to the ocean . Portsmouth is situated on level ground only a few feet above the
See also:sea; it has about 22 m. of
See also:water-front, and adjoins one of the richest trucking districts in the Southern States . Among the
See also:principal buildings are the county
See also:house, city
See also:hall, commercial
See also:United States
See also:naval hospital,
See also:office building, high school and the Portsmouth
See also:King's Daughters' hospital and the old Trinity
See also:Church (1762) . In the southern
See also:part of the city is a United States
See also:navy yard and station, officially the Ncrfolk Yard (the second largest in the
See also:country), of about 450 acres, with three immense dry docks, machine shops,
See also:ware-houses, travelling and water
See also:cranes, a training station,
See also:boat headquarters, a powder plant (20 acres), a naval
See also:magazine, a naval hospital and the distribution headquarters of the United State Marine
See also:Corps . The
See also:total value of the city's factory products in 1905 was only $145,439 . The city is a centre of the Virginia
See also:oyster "
See also:fisheries." Portsmouth and Norfolk
See also:form a customs
See also:district, Norfolk being the
See also:port of entry, whose exports in 1908 were valued at $11,326,817, and imports at $1,150,044 . Portsmouth was established by
See also:act of the Virginia
See also:assembly in 1752, incorporated as a
See also:town in 1852 and chartered as a city in 1858 . Though situated in Norfolk county, the city has been since its incorporation administratively
See also:independent of it .
Shortly before theWar of Independence the
See also:British established a marine yard where the navy yard now is, but during the war it was confiscated by Virginia and in 1801 was sold to the United States . In
See also:April 1861 it was burned and abandoned by the Federals, and for a
See also:year afterwards was the chief navy yard of the Confederates . Here was constructed the iron-clad " Virginia " (the old "
See also:Merrimac "), which on the 9th of
See also:March 1862 fought in Hampton Roads (q.v.) the famous engagement with the " Monitor." Two months later, on the 9th of May, the Confederates abandoned the navy yard and evacuated Norfolk and Portsmouth, and the " Virginia " was destroyed by her
See also:commander, Josiah
See also:Tattnall .
EARLS OF PORTSMOUTH
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