POUND .' (1) An enclosure in which
See also:cattle or other animals are retained until redeemed by the owners, or when taken in distraint until replevised, such retention being in the nature of a
See also:pledge or security to compel satisfaction for
See also:debt or damage done . Animals may be seized and impounded when (1) distrained for
See also:rent; (2) damage feasant, i.e. doing harm on the
See also:land of the
See also:person seizing; (3) straying; (4) taken under legal
See also:process . A pound belongs to the township or
See also:village or
See also:manor where it is situated . The pound-keeper is obliged to receive everything offered to his custody and is not answerable if the thing offered be illegally impounded . By a
See also:statute of 1554, no
See also:distress of cattle can be driven out of the
See also:hundred where taken unless to a pound in the same
See also:county, within three
See also:miles of the place of seizure . This statute also fixes 4d. as the
See also:fee for impounding a distress . Where cattle are impounded the impounder is bound to supply them with sufficient
See also:food and
See also:water (Cruelty to Animals Acts 1849 and 1854) ; any person, moreover, is authorized to enter a place where animals are impounded without food and water more than twelve
See also:hours and supply them; and the cost of such food is to be paid by the owner of the animal before it is removed . A statute of.1690 gives
See also:treble damages and
See also:costs against persons guilty of pound
See also:breach; and by statute of 1843 (Pound Breach) persons releasing or attempting to
See also:release cattle impounded or damaging any pound are liable to a
See also:fine not exceeding £5, awardable to the person on whose behalf the cattle were distrained, with imprisonment with hard labour in default . In the old
See also:law books i Pound, in sense (I), is represented
See also:late in O.E. by the compounds pund-
See also:fold and pund-breche and by the derivative pyndan, to
See also:dam up, enclose, and for-pyndan, to shut out . The origin is unknown; "
See also:pen," an enclosure, is from a different
See also:root; " pond " a small
See also:pool of water, is a
See also:English variant of " pound." In sense (2) the O.E. and M.E. pund, Du. pond, Ger . Pfund, are derivatives of the
See also:Lat. indeclinable substantive tondo—really an ablative singular as if from pondus (2nd declension)—a variant of pondus, ponderis,
See also:weight . The Lat.
See also:pondo is used as a shortened
See also:form of
See also:libra pondo, pound by weight .
Finally is the verb " to pound," to crush by beating, to strike or
See also:beat; this in O.E. is punian, the d being excrescent as in " sound,"
See also:noise . The word is rare outside English; cf . Mod . Du. puin, rubbish, broken
See also:stone.varieties of pounds—as a
See also:common pound, an open pound an& a close pound—are enumerated . By the Distress for Rent
See also:Act 1737 any person distraining for rent may turn any
See also:part of the premises into a pound
See also:pro hac
See also:vice for securing the distress . Pounds are not now much used . (F .
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