See also:British colonial states-man and soldier, was
See also:born at Saltfleetby,
See also:Lincolnshire, England, in 1722 . He was educated at Lincoln and at Trinity
See also:College, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1743 . He entered the
See also:office of the lords commissioners of
See also:trade and plantations, of which his
See also:John was then secretary; and in 1753 he went to
See also:America as private secretary to
See also:Osborn, just appointed
See also:governor of New
See also:York . Osborn committed suicide soon after reaching New York (Oct . 6), but
See also:Pownall remained in America, devoting himself to studying the
See also:condition of the
See also:American colonies . At the Albany Congress, in 1754, he met Benjamin
See also:Franklin, and a
See also:life-long friendship between the two resulted . In 1756 he returned to England, and presented to Pitt a plan for a
See also:campaign against the French in
See also:Canada, to begin with the investment of
See also:Quebec . In 1757 Pitt appointed him governor of Massachusetts,' in which office he heartily supported Pitt's policy during the Seven Years' War, and in 1758 encouraged the equipment of a force of 7000 men, to be recruited and armed in New England; but the French power in America once broken, Pownall came more directly under the influence of the lords of trade, and his unwillingness to carry out the repressive policies of that
See also:body caused his transfer to the governorship of South Carolina in
See also:February 176o . This office he held nominally for about a
See also:year; but he never went to South Carolina, and in
See also:June 1760 he returned to England . In 1762–1763 he was commissary-general of the British troops in Germany . As member of parliament for Tregony in 1768–1774 and for
See also:Minehead in 1774–1780, he at first sided with the Whigs in opposing all plans to tax the American colonists, but he supported
See also:North's administration after the outbreak of the War of Independence . He died at Bath on the 25th of February 18o5 .
In 1764 he published (at first anonymously) his famous Administration of the Colonies (other
See also:editions appeared in 1765, 1766, 1768 and 1774), in which he advocated a union of all British possessions upon the basis of community of commercial interests . For an extended account of Pownall's career and a bibliography of his publications see
See also:Thomas Pownall, M.P., F.R.S . (
See also:London, 1908), by
See also:Charles A . W .
EARLS AND MARQUESSES OF POWIS
GUILLAUME POYET (1473–1548)
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