Online Encyclopedia

PRAM (Du. praam)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V22, Page 254 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PRAM (Du. praam), the name of a flat-bottomed boat or barge used as a " lighter " for discharging and loading cargo in the ports of the Baltic and North Sea. The word, which is common in various forms to all the languages bordering on those seas, is originally Slavonic; its ultimate etymology connects it with the words found in all Indo-European languages which are to be traced to the root par-, to go through, travel; cf. " fare," " ferry," " far," Gr. w6pos, way, Lat. port are, carry, &c. born at Landsberg on the Lech on the 28th of January 182o, and died on the 14th of September 1888 at Oberstdorf. In 1843 he became doctor of philosophy at Munich Observatory, where he was made professor in 1859. He was also a member of the Academies of Berlin and Munich. Strongly in agreement with the Hegelian tradition, he defended and amplified it in Die gegenwkrtige Aufgabe der Philosophic (1852) and Versteken and Beurteilen (1877). In these works he emphasized the identity of the subjective and the objective for consciousness, and the fact that the perception of this unity is peculiar to man. He is more important, however, as a commentator and scholar, and made valuable contributions to the study of Aristotle. He published Aristoteles uber die Farben (1849), Aristoteles' acht Bucher der Physik (1857), and numerous minor articles on smaller points, such as the authenticity of the thirty-eight books of the Problems. The work by which he is best known is the Geschichte der Logik im Abendland (Leipzig, 1855–1870). Chr. Sigwart, in the preface to the first edition of his Logic, makes " special mention " of the assistance he obtained from this book.
End of Article: PRAM (Du. praam)
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GIOVANNI PRATI (1815–1884)

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