PREMONSTRATENSIANS , also called Norbertines, and inEngland
See also:White Canons, from the
See also:colour of the
See also:habit: an orderof Augustinian Canons founded in 1120 by St Norbert, after-wards archbishop of
See also:Magdeburg . He had made various efforts to introduce a strict
See also:form of canonical
See also:life in various communities of canons in Germany; in 1120 he was working in the
See also:diocese of
See also:Laon, and there in a
See also:desert place, called Premontre, in
See also:Aisne, he and thirteen companions established a monastery to be the
See also:cradle of a new
See also:order . They were canons
See also:regular and followed the so-called
See also:Rule of St Augustine (see
See also:AUGUSTINIANS), but with supplementary statutes that made the life one of
See also:great austerity . St Norbert was a friend of St
See also:Bernard of Clairvaux—and he was largely influenced by the Cistercian ideals as to both the manner of life and the
See also:government of his order . But as the Premonstratensians were not monks but canons regular, their
See also:work was preaching and the exercise of the pastoral
See also:office, and they served a large number of parishes incorporated in their monasteries . The order was founded in 1120; in 1126, when it received papal approbation, there were nine houses; and others were established in
See also:quick succession throtthout western
See also:Europe, so that at the
See also:middle of the 14th century there are said to have been over 1300 monasteries of men and 400 of
See also:women . The Premonstratensians played a predominant
See also:part in the conversion of the
See also:Wends and the Christianizing and civilizing of the territories about the Elbe and the
See also:Oder . In
See also:time mitigations and relaxations crept in, and these gave rise to reforms and semi-
See also:independent congregations within the order . The Premonstratensians came into England (c . 1143) first at Newhouse in Lincoln, and before the dissolution under
See also:Henry VIII. there were 35 houses . At the beginning of the 19th century the order had been almost exterminated, only eight houses surviving, all in the
See also:Austrian dominions . There are now some 20 monasteries and
See also:I000 canons, who serve numerous parishes; and there are two or three small houses in England .
The strength of the order now lies inBelgium, where at Tongerloo is a great Premonstratensian abbey that still maintains a semblance of its
See also:medieval state .
See also:Helyot, Histoire
See also:des ordres relsgieux (1714), ii. chs . 23—26; Max Heimbucher, Orden u . Kongregationen (1907), ii . § 56; articles in Wetzer u . Welte Kirchenlexicon (2nd ed.) and Herzog Realencyklopadie (3rd ed.) . The best
See also:special study is F . Winter, Die Pramonstratenser des 12 . Jahrh. and ihre Bedeutung fur das nordostliche Deutschland (1865) . (E . C .
PREMONITION (from Lat. prae, before, monere, to adv...
PRENZLAU, or PRENZLOW
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