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PRIEUR DE LA MARNE [PIERRE Louis PRIE...

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Originally appearing in Volume V22, Page 323 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PRIEUR DE LA MARNE [PIERRE Louis PRIEUR] (1756-1827), French politician, was born at Sommesous (Marne) on the 1st of August 1756. He practised as a lawyer at Chalonssur-Marne until 1789, when he was elected to the states-general. He became secretary to the Assembly, and the violence of his attacks on the ancien regime won him the nickname of " Crieur de la Marne." In 1791 he became vice-president of the criminal tribunal of Paris. Re-elected to the Convention, he was sent to Normandy, where he directed bitter reprisals against the Federalists. He voted for the death of Louis XVI., and as a member of the committees of national defence and of public safety he was despatched in October 1793 to Brittany, where he established the Terror. In May 1794 he became president of the Convention. The counter-revolutionaries drove him into hiding from May 1795 until the amnesty proclaimed in the autumn of that year. He took no part in public affairs under the directory, the consulate or the empire, and in 1816 was banished as a regicide. He died in Brussels on the 31st of May 1827. See Pierre Bliard, Le Conventionnel Prieur de la Marne en mission clans l'ouest 1793-1994 d'aprbs des documents inedits (1906). PRIEUR-DUVERNOIS, CLAUDE ANTOINE, COMTE (1763-1832), French politician, was born at Auxonne on the 2nd of December 1763, and was commonly known as Prieur de la Cote d'Or, after his native department. As an officer of engineers he presented to the National Assembly in 1790 a Memoire on the standardization of weights and measures. In 1791 he was returned by the Cote d'Or to the Legislative Assembly, and in 1792 to the Convention. After the revolution of the loth of August 1792 he was sent on a mission to the army of the Rhineto announce the deposition of Louis XVI., for whose death he voted in the Convention. In 1793 he was employed in breaking up the Federalist movement in Normandy, but he was arrested by the Federalist authorities of Caen, and only released in July 1793 after the defeat of their forces at Vernon. On the 14th of August 1793 he became a member of the committee of public safety, where he allied himself closely with Lazare Carnot in the organization of national defence, being especially charged with the provision of the munitions of war. Under the Direc• tory he sat in the Council of the Five Hundred, retiring after the coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire (November 9, 1799). In ,8o8 he was created a count of the empire, and in 1811 he retired from the army with the grade of chef de brigade. He was one of the founders of the Ecole Polytechnique, and shared in the establishment of the Institute of France; the adoption of the metric system and the foundation of the bureau of longitude were also due to his efforts. Prieur died at Dijon on the 1th of August 1832. See J. Gros, Le Comite de salut public (1893) ; and E. Charavay, Correspondance de Carnot, vol. i., which includes some documents drawn up by Prieur.
End of Article: PRIEUR DE LA MARNE [PIERRE Louis PRIEUR] (1756-1827)
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