Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 248 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PRIME MINISTERS. 1872. Mr J. C. Molteno. 189o. Mr C. J. Rhodes. 1878. Mr J. Gordon Sprigg. 1896. Sir J. Gordon Sprigg. 1881. I\Ir T. C. Scanlen. 1898. Mr W. P. Schreiner. 1884. Mr Upington. 1900. Sir J. Gordon Sprigg. 1886. Sir J. Gordon Sprigg. 1904. Dr L. S. Jameson. 1908. Mr J. X. Merriman. (A. P. H.; F. R. C.) BIBLIOGRAPHY—The majority of the books concerning Cape Colony deal also with South Africa as a whole (see SOUTH AFRICA: Bibliography). The following list gives books specially relating to the Cape. For ethnography see the works mentioned under BUSHMEN, HOTTENTOTS, KAFFIRS and BECHUANA. (a) Descriptive accounts, geography, commerce and economics: —The best early accounts of the colony are found in de la Caille's Journal historique du voyage fait au Cap de Bonne Esperance (Paris, 1763), the Nouvelle Description du Cap de Bonne Esperance (Amster-dam, 1778) ; F. le Vaillant's Voyage clans l'interieur de l'Afrique (Paris, 1790), and Second Voyage (Paris, an III. [1794–1790 ; C. P. Thunberg's " Account of the Cape of Good Hope " in vol. xvi. of Pinkerton's Travels (London, 1814) ; A. Sparman's Voyage to the Cape of Good Hope ... 1772–1776 (translated into English from the Swedish, London, 1785)—an excellent work; and' W. Paterson's A Narrative of Four Journeys ... 1777–1779 (London, 1789). P. Kolbe or Kolben's Present State of the Cape of Good Hope (English translation from the German, London, 1731) is less trustworthy. Sir J. Barrow's Account of Travels into the Interior of Southern Africa in 1797–1798 (2 vols., London, 1801–1804) ; H. Lichtenstein's Travels in Southern Africa in 1803–1806 (translated from the German, 2 vols., London, 181g–1815), and W. J. Burchell's Travels in the Interior of Southern Africa (2 ols., London, 1822–1824) are standard works. Burchell's book contains the best map of the Cape published up to that time. W. P. Greswell's Geography of Africa south of the Zambesi (Oxford, 1892) deals specially with Cape Colony; the Illustrated Official Handbook of the Cape and South Africa (Cape Town,1893) includes chapters on the zoology, flora, productions and resources of the colony. A. R. E. Burton, Cape Colony To-day (Cape Town, 1907), a useful guide to the country and its resources. A Statistical Register is issued yearly by the Cape government. The Census of the Colony, 1904: General Report (Cape Town, 1905) and previous census reports contain much valuable matter. (b) Special subjects: For detailed information on special subjects consult The Natives of South Africa (London, 1901); R. Wallace, Farming Industries of Cape Colony (London, 1896) ; A. R. E. Burton, Cape Colony for the Settler (London, 1903) ; The Agricultural Journal of the Cape of Good Hope; Gardner F. Williams, The Diamond Mines of South Africa, revised ed. (New York, 1905), an authoritative work by a former manager of the De Beers mine; A. W. Rogers, An Introduction to the Geology of Cape Colony (London, 1905) and " The Campbell Rand and Griquatown Series in Hay," Trans. Geol. Soc. S. Africa, vol. ix. (1906); Reports, Geological Commission of the Cape of Good Hope (1896 et seq.) ; Science in South Africa (Cape Town, 1905); H. A. Bryden, Kloof and Karoo; sport, legend and natural history in Cape Colony (London, 1889) ; South African Education Yearbook (Cape Colony edition, Cape Town, 1906 et seq.). For books dealing with Roman-Dutch law, see SOUTH AFRICA. (c) History: H. C. V. Leibbrandt, Precis of the Archives of the Cape of Good Hope (15 vols., vols. v.-vii. contain van Riebeek's Journal, Cape Town, 1896–1902) ; The Rebellion of 1815, generally known as Slachter's Nek (Cape Town, 1902) ; G. M. Theal, Chronicles of Cape Commanders ... 1651–1691 ... (Cape Town, 1882), and Records of the Cape Colony from February 1793 to April 1831, from MS. in the Record Office, London (,36 vols., Cape Town, 1897–1905) History of South Africa under the Administration of the Dutch East India Company, 1652 to 1795 (2 vols., London, 1897) ; History of South Africa from 1795 to 1834 (London, 1891); E. B. Watermeyer, Three Lectures on the Cape . under the . Dutch East India Company (Cape Town, 1857) ; A. Wilmot and J. C. Chase, History of the ... Cape ... from its Discovery to ... 1868 (Cape Town, 1869); Lady Anne Barnard, South Africa a Hundred Years Ago: Letters written from the Cape, 1797–1801 (London, 1901), a vivid picture of social life, &c. ; Mrs A. F. Trotter, Old Cape Colony . Her Men and Houses from 1652 to 18o6 (London, 1903) ; C. T. Campbell, British South Africa, 1795–1825 (London, 1897), the story of the British settlers of 1820. Consult also J. Martineau's Life of Sir Bartle Frere; the Autobiography of Sir Harry Smith; P. A. Molteno's Life and Times of Sir John Charles Molteno (first premier of Cape Colony) (2 vols., London, 1900) ; A Wilmot's Life of Sir Richard Southey (London,;,1904), and G. C. Henderson's Sir George Grey (London, 1907). B. Worsfold's Lord Milner's Work in South Africa, 1897–1902 (London, 1906), is largely concerned with Cape politics. For Blue-books, &c., relating to the colony published by the British parliament, see the Colonial Office List (London, yearly) (F. R. C.)

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