See also:Roman grammarian and critic, flourished during the reign of
See also:Nero . He was a student rather than a teacher, and devoted himself to the
See also:criticism and elucidation of the texts of classical authors (especially the most important Roman poets) by means of marginal-
See also:PROCESS notes or by signs, after the manner of the Alexandrine grammarians . In this way he treated Horace, Lucretius,
See also:Terence and
See also:Persius, the biography of the last-named being probably taken from Probus's introduction to his edition of the poet . With the exception of these texts, he published little, but his lectures were preserved in the notes taken by his pupils . Some of his criticisms on Virgil may be preserved in the commentary on the Bucolics and Georgics which goes under his name . We possess by him
See also:part of a
See also:treatise De notis, probably an excerpt from a larger
See also:work . It contains a
See also:list of abbreviations used in official and
See also:historical writings (especially proper names), in
See also:laws, legal pleadings and edicts . The following
See also:works have been wrongly attributed to him . (I) Catholica Probi, on the declension of nouns, the conjugation of verbs, and the rhythmic endings of sentences . This is now generally regarded as the work of the grammarian
See also:Marius Plotius Sacerdos (3rd century) . (2) Institute artium, on the eight parts of speech, also called Ars vaticana from its having been found in a Vatican MS . As mention is made in it of the
See also:baths of
See also:Diocletian, it cannot be earlier than the 4th century .
It is possibly by a later Probus, whose existence is, however, problematical . (3) Appendix Probi, treating of the noun, the use of cases, rules oforthography (valuable in reference to the pronunciation of Latin at the
See also:time), and a table of Differentiae . As the author has evidently used the Institute, it also must be assigned to a
See also:late date . (4) De nomine excerpta, a compilation from various grammatical works . See J . Steup, De Probis grammaticis (1871); Teuffel-
See also:Schwabe, Hist. of Roman Literature (Eng. trans.), 301 .
MARCUS AURELIUS PROBUS
PROCEDURE (Fr. procedure, from Lat. procedere, to g...
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