See also:term now properly confined to a teacher of a
See also:special grade at a university . Its former significance of one who has made "profession " or open
See also:acknowledgment of religious belief, or, in particular, has made a promise binding the maker to a religious
See also:order, is now obsolete . The educational use is found in
See also:post-Augustan Latin, and profiteri is used by Pliny (Ep. ii . 18, 3, iv . 11, 14), absolutely, in the sense of " to be a teacher," an extension of the classical use in the sense of to practise, profess a science or
See also:art, e.g. profiteri
See also:jus, medicinam, philosophiam, &c . In the
See also:universities of the
See also:middle ages the conferring of a degree in any
See also:faculty or branch of learning meant the right or qualification to teach in that faculty, whence the terms magister, "
See also:master," and
See also:doctor for those on whom the degree had been granted . To these names must be added that of "
See also:professor." The " three titles of Master, Doctor, Professor, were in the middle ages absolutely synonymous " (H . Rashdall, The Universities of
See also:Europe in the Middle Ages, 1895, 21) . At
See also:Paris in the faculties of
See also:medicine and arts professor is more frequently used than doctor but less so than magister; at Bologna the teachers of
See also:law are known as professores or doctores (id.) . From this position to that of the holder of an endowed "
See also:chair," the occupant of which is the
See also:principal public teacher of the particular faculty, the
See also:evolution was gradual . The first endowed professorship at
See also:Oxford was that of divinity, founded by the
See also:mother of
See also:Henry VII. in 1497 ( ? 1502) and named after her the "
See also:Margaret Professorship." The foundation of the regius professorship by Henry VIII., in 1546 no doubt, as the New
See also:Dictionary points out, tended to the general
See also:modern use of the word .
See also:ordinate public teachers in faculties or in subjects to which a professorial " chair " is attached, are known as " readers '' or " lecturers," and these titles are also used for the principal public teachers in subjects which have not reached professorial
See also:rank .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.