See also:mythology, the personification of the human soul . The
See also:story of the love of
See also:Eros (
See also:Cupid) for
See also:Psyche is a philosophical allegory, founded upon the Platonic conception of the soul . In this connexion Psyche was represented in Greek and Graeco-
See also:art as a
See also:maiden, with
See also:bird's or butterfly's wings, or simply as a butterfly . Sometimes she is pursued and tormented by Eros, sometimes she revenges herself upon him, sometimes she embraces him in fondest affection . The
See also:tale of Cupid and Psyche, in the Metamorphoses of
See also:Apuleius, has nothing in
See also:common with this conception but the name . In it Psyche, the youngest daughter of a
See also:king, arouses the
See also:jealousy of
See also:Venus, who orders Cupid to inspire her with love for the most despicable of men . Cupid, however, falls in love with her himself, and carries her off to a secluded spot, where he visits her by
See also:night, unseen and unrecognized by her . Persuaded by her sisters that her
See also:companion is a hideous
See also:monster, and forgetful of his warning, she
See also:lights a lamp to look upon him while he is asleep; in her ecstasy at his beauty she lets fall a drop of burning oil upon the
See also:face of Cupid, who awakes and disappears . Wandering over the
See also:earth in
See also:search of him, Psyche falls into the hands of Venus, who forces her to undertake the most difficult tasks . The last and most dangerous of these is to fetch from the
See also:world below the box containing the ointment of beauty . She secures the box, but on her way back opens it and is stupefied by the vapour . She is only restored to her senses by contact with the arrow of Cupid, at whose entreaty
See also:Jupiter makes her immortal and bestows her in
See also:marriage upon her
See also:lover .
The meaning of the allegory is obvious . Psyche, as the personification of the soul, is only permitted to enjoy her happiness solong as she abstains from
See also:ill-advised curiosity . The
See also:desire to pry into its nature brings suffering upon her; but in the end, purified by what she has undergone, she is restored to her former
See also:condition of
See also:bliss by the mighty power of love . On this story see L . Friedlander, " Ueber das Marchen von Amor and Psyche " (in Darstellungen aus der Sittengeschichte Rams, 1888, vol. i.; for a treatment of the Greek conception, see E . Rohde, Psyche, 1894) . For Psyche in art see A . Conze, De Psyches imaginibus quibusdam (1855); Max Collignon, Essai sur
See also:les monuments grecs et romains relatifs au mythe de Psyche (1877) .
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