Online Encyclopedia

PULLMAN

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V22, Page 644 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PULLMAN, formerly a town of Cook county, Illinois, U.S.A., and now a part of the city of Chicago. Here are the works of the Pullman Palace Car Company, steel forging plants, and other factories. The place was founded in 188o by George Mortimer Pullman (1831—1897), the inventor of the Pullman sleeping car, and the founder (1867) of the Pullman Palace Car Company, who attempted to make it a " model town." Even the public works were the property of the Pullman Company and were managed as a business investment. Popular discontent with the conditions led to the annexation of Pullman to Chicago in 1889, but until 1910 the corporation held most of the property. In June and July 1894 a bitter railway strike developed from a controversy between employed and employers in the Pullman works. (See CHICAGO and ILLINOIS: History.)
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