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QUARTER (through Fr. from Lat. quarta...

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Originally appearing in Volume V22, Page 713 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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QUARTER (through Fr. from Lat. quartarius, fourth part), to some extent civil jurisdiction. As a court of record it has, a word with many applications of its original meaning, namely, in addition to its other jurisdiction, power to punish summarily one of the four divisions of anything; thus as a measure of without the assistance of a jury contempts committed in its weight a quarter equals 28 lb, one-fourth of the hundredweight presence, such as insults to the justices or disturbance of its of 112 lb; as a measure of capacity or grain it equals 8 bushels; proceedings. At the present time the whole of England and similarly in liquid measure the shorter form " quart "is a quarter Wales is within the local jurisdiction of some court of quarter of a gallon = 2 pints, so " quartern " is a quarter of a pint (a gill), sessions. But the history of the court in counties is quite or. as a measure for bread, 4 lb. " Quarter " is also used of distinct from its history in boroughs. the fourth part of the moon's monthly revolution, and of a Counties.—As regards counties the court originated in fourth part of the legal year, marked off by the " quarter-days " statutes of 1326, 1344 and 136o, which provided for justices (see below). For the division of the heraldic shield into four in counties, and the commission of the peace. The court " quarters " and the use of the term " quartering," the marshal- derived its name from the direction in a statute of 1388 that the ling of several coats on one shield, see HERALDRY. From the " justices shall keep their sessions in every quarter of the year four principal points of the compass and the corresponding at the least." By a statute of 1414 they were directed to make division of the horizon, &c., the word is used generally of their sessions four times in the year: that is to say, in the first direction or situation, and hence of a district in a town, &c., week after the feasts of St Michael, the Epiphany, the clause of especially when assigned to or occupied by a particular class. Easter and the translation of St Thomas the Martyr, and more It has thus become the usual term applied to stations, buildings, often if need be.' These dates have only been slightly varied, lodgings, &c., in the regular occupation of military troops (see first in 1814 in consequence of the adoption of the Gregorian
End of Article: QUARTER (through Fr. from Lat. quartarius, fourth part)
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