title usually given to aEnd of Article: QUEBEC ACT
See also:bill introduced into the
See also:House of Lords on May 2, 1774, entitled " An
See also:Act for making more Effectual
See also:Provision for the
See also:Government of the Province of
See also:Quebec, in
See also:America." It passed the House of Lords on May 17, was discussed in the
See also:Commons from May 26 to
See also:June 13, and finally passed with some amendments . These were accepted by the Lords, in spite of the opposition of
See also:Lord Chatham, and the bill received the royal assent on June 22 . The debates in the House of Commons are not found in the
See also:History, but were published separately by J .
See also:Wright in 1839 . The speech of Lord Chatham is given in the Chatham
See also:Correspondence (iv . 351-353) . By this act the boundaries of the
See also:Canadian province of Quebec were extended so as to include much of the
See also:country between the
See also:Ohio and the
See also:Mississippi . The French inhabitants of the province were granted the liberty to profess " the religion of the
See also:Church of Rome"; the French
See also:law was established, though in criminal law the
See also:code was introduced . Government was vested in a
See also:governor and council, a representative
See also:assembly not being granted till the Constitutional Act of 1791 . The granting of
See also:part of the Western territory to Quebec, and the recognition of the
See also:Roman Catholic religion, greatly angered the
See also:American colonies . On the other
See also:hand, it did much to keep the French Canadians from joining the Americans in the coming struggle . The act is still looked back to by the French in
See also:Canada as their
See also:charter of liberty .
See also:clergy . First-fruits (annates) and tenths (decimae) formed originally part of the revenue paid by the clergy to the papal
See also:exchequer . The former consist of the first whole
See also:year's profit of all spiritual preferments, the latter of one-tenth of their
See also:annual profits after the first year . In accordance with the provisions of two acts (5 & 6 Anne, c . 24, and 6 Anne, c . 27) about 3900 poor livings under the annual value of £5o were discharged from first-fruits and tenths . The income derived from first-fruits and tenths was annexed to the revenue of the
See also:crown in 1535 (26
See also:Hen . VIII. c . 3), and so continued until 1703 . Since that date there has been a large mass of legislation dealing with
See also:Queen Anne's Bounty, the effect of which will be found set forth in a
See also:Report of a Joint Select
See also:Committee on the Queen Anne's Bounty
See also:Board, 190o . The
See also:governors consist of the archbishops and bishops, some of the
See also:officers of the government, and the chief legal and judicial authorities . The
See also:augmentation proceeds on the principle of assisting the smallest benefices first .
See also:cures not exceeding £10 per annum must have received £200 before the governors can proceed to assist those not exceeding £20 per annum . In
See also:order to encourage benefactions, the governors may give £200 to cures not exceeding £45 a year, where any
See also:person will give the same or a greater sum . The
See also:average income from first-fruits and tenths is a little more than C16,000 a year . In 1906 the
See also:trust funds in the hands of he governors amounted to £7,023,000 . The grants in 1906 mounted to £28,607, the benefactions to £29,888 . The accounts are laid annually before the
See also:king in council and the houses of parliament . The duties of the governors are not confined to the augmentation of benefices . They may in addition lend
See also:money for the repair and rebuilding of residences and for the execution of
See also:works required by the Ecclesiastical Dilapidations Acts, and may receive and apply compensation money in respect of the enfranchisement of copyholds on any
See also:benefice . The governors are unpaid; the treasurer and secretary receives a
See also:salary of £i000 a year . He is appointed by patent under the great seal, and holds
See also:office during the pleasure of the crown .
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