Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 40 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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RADCLIFFE COLLEGE, essentially a part of Harvard, dates from the beginning of systematic instruction of women by members of the Harvard faculty in 1879, the Society for the Collegiate Instruction of Women being formally organized in 1882. The present name was adopted in 1894 in honour of Ann 1 The requirements for admission as changed in 1908 are based on the " unit system "; satisfactory marks must be got in subjects aggregating 26 units, the unit being a measure of preparatory study. Of these 26 units, English (4 units), algebra (2), plane geometry (2), some science or sciences (2), history (2; either Greek and Roman, or American and English), a modern language (2; French and German) are prescribed; prospective candidates for the degree of A.B. are required to take examinations for 4 additional units in Greek or Latin, and for the other 8 points have large range of choice; and candidates for the degree of S.B. must take additional examinations in French or German (2 units) and have a similar freedom of choice in making up the remaining to units. Radcliffe, Lady Mowlson (ob. c. 1661), widow of Sir Thomas Mowlson, alderman and (1634) lord mayor of London, who in 1643 founded the first scholarship in Harvard College. From 1894 also dates the present official connexion of Radcliffe with Harvard. The requirements for admission and for degrees are the same as in Harvard (whose president countersigns all diplomas), and the president and fellows of Harvard control absolutely the administration of the college, although it has for immediate ad-ministration a separate government. Instruction is given by members of the university teaching force, who repeat in Radcliffe many of the Harvard courses. Many advanced courses in Harvard, and to a certain extent laboratory facilities, are directly accessible to Radcliffe students, and they have unrestricted access to the library. The presidents of Harvard have been: Henry Punster (164o–1654); Charles Chauncy (1654–1672); Leonard Hoax (1672–1675); Urian Oakes (1675–1681); John Rogers (1682–1684); Increase Mather (1685–1701); Charles Morton (vice-president) (1697–1698); Samuel Willard (1700-1707); John Leverett (1708–1724); Benjamin Wadsworth (1725–1737); Edward Holyoke (1737–1769); Samuel Locke (1770–1773); Samuel Langdon (1774–1780); Joseph Willard (1781–1804); Samuel Webber (1806–181o); John Thornton Kirkland (1810–1828); Josiah Quincy (1829–1845); Edward Everett (1846–1849); Jared Sparks (1849–1853); James Walker (18.53–186o); Cornelius Conway Felton (186o–1862); Thomas Hill (1862–1868); Charles William Eliot (1869–1909); Abbott Lawrence Lowell (appointed 1909). AuTxoRITIEs.—Benjamin Peirce, A History of Harvard University 1636–1775 (Boston, 1883); Josiah Quincy, A History of Harvard University (2 vols., Boston, 184o) ; Samuel A. Eliot, Harvard College and its Benefactors (Boston, 1848) ; H. C. Shelley, John Harvard and his Times (Boston, 1907) ; The Harvard Book (2 vols., Cambridge, 1874) ; G. Birkbeck Hill, Harvard College, by an Oxonian (New York, 1894) ; William R. Thayer, " History and Customs of Harvard University," in Universities and their Sons, vol. i. (Boston, 1898) ; Official Guide to Harvard, and the various other publications of the university; also the Harvard Graduates' Magazine (1892 sqq.).
ANN RADCLIFFE (1764-1823)

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