See also:English politics, a
See also:term applied to politicians who
See also:desire to make thorough, or
See also:radical, changes in the constitution and in the social
See also:order generally . Although it had been used in a somewhat similar way during the reign of
See also:Charles II., the term Radical, in its
See also:political sense, originated about the end of the 18th century, probably owing its existence to Charles
See also:Fox, who, in ,1797, declared that " radical reform " was necessary . The ideas of the first Radicals were borrowed largely from the authors of the French Revolution . The word was more generally employed during the disturbed
See also:period between the close of the
See also:wars and the passing of the
See also:great Reform
See also:Bill of 1832, and was applied to
See also:agitators like
See also:Hunt and
See also:Cobbett . After the Reform Bill had become
See also:law, the
See also:advocates of violent
See also:change were
See also:drawn into the Chartist
See also:movement, and the Radicals became less revolutionary both in speech and
See also:object . Thus in 1842 an observer writes:—" The term Radical, once employed as a name of low reproach, has found its way into high places, and is gone forth as the title of a class who
See also:glory in their designation." About this
See also:time many members of Parliament were known as Radicals, among these men being
See also:Grote and
See also:Joseph Hume . The Radicals never formed ' a distinct party in the
See also:House of
See also:Commons, and subsequently they formed simply the advanced section of the Liberal party . For a few years in the 19th century the wearing of a
See also:hat was looked upon as the distinguishing mark of a Radical, a hat of this
See also:colour having been worn by Hunt when addressing meetings . See W .
See also:History of the Radical Party in Parliament (1885); S .
See also:Bamford, Passages in the
See also:Life of a Radical (new ed., 1893) ; C . B .
RoylanceKent, The English Radicals:_ an
See also:Sketch (1899) .
THEORY OF RADIATION
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