Online Encyclopedia

PAUL DE RAPIN (1661-1725)

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Originally appearing in Volume V22, Page 909 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PAUL DE RAPIN (1661-1725)  , sieur of Thoyras, French historian, was the son of Jacques de Rapin, avocat at
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Castres (Tarn), where he was born on the 25th of March 1661 . He was educated at the
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Protestant academy of
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Saumur, and in 1679 became an advocate, but soon afterwards entered the army . The revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, and the
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death of his
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father led him to come to England; but, unable to find employment there, he crossed to Holland and enlisted in the
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company of French
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volunteers at Utrecht commanded by Daniel de Rapin, his cousin-german . He accompanied the prince of Orange to England in 1688, and during the Irish
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campaign he took
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part in the siege of Carri4fergus and the
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battle of the
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Boyne, and was wounded at the battle of
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Limerick . Soon afterwards he was promoted captain; but in 1693 he resigned in order to become tutor to the
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earl of Portland's son . After travelling with his charge, he settled with his
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family in Holland, first at the Hague, then, for
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economy's
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sake, at Wesel, in 1707, where he began his
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great
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work, L'Histoire d'Angleterre . Though he was of a strong constitution, the seventeen years' application ruined his
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health . He died in 1725 . Rapin was also the author of a Dissertation sur
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les Whigs et les Torys (1717) . L'Histoire d'Angleterre, embracing the period from the invasion of the Romans to the death of Charles I., was printed at the Hague in 1724 in 8 vols . It was translated into
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English and improved with notes by Tindal, in 2 vols. folio, 1725-31 . Rapin's
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history of England was almost the only one available in France in the first
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half of the 18th century .

End of Article: PAUL DE RAPIN (1661-1725)
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