RATE , ageneral
See also:term for proportion, standard,
See also:allowance, tax (Med .
See also:Lat. rata, from
See also:pro rata parte, ratus being the participle of reri, to think,
See also:judge) . In England the term is specially applied to the levying of public
See also:money contributions for
See also:local purposes, as distinguished from the " taxes " raised for what are treated as general state purposes . The money required for local administration in England is raised (when the ordinary revenues are insufficient) by assessments on lands and buildings based on their
See also:annual rental value . The
See also:financial authority estimates what additional amount beyond revenue is required for the expenses of administration, and levies a rate to meet it . The earliest rate levied in England was that for poor
See also:relief, and of the
See also:great variety of rates now existing, the majority are based on the poor rate and levied with it, under the term of
See also:precept rates . Next to the poor rate came that for highways, and other
See also:special rates have been authorized from
See also:time to time, as for
See also:education, public
See also:lighting, cemeteries,
See also:libraries, sanitary purposes, &c . To distinguish the rate the name of the precepting authority is frequently added or the purpose for which it is levied specified, as
See also:county rate,
See also:watch rate, &c . The valuation
See also:list of a
See also:parish is the basis on which the poor rate is levied . This valuation list contains the
See also:gross estimated rental and rateable value of all rateable
See also:property in the parish . The gross estimated rental is the
See also:rent at which a property might reasonably be expected to let from
See also:year to year, the
See also:tenant paying
See also:tithes, rates and taxes . From this is deducted the
See also:average annual cost of repairs,
See also:insurance and renewals, the
See also:balance constituting the rateable value .
The rateable value of the parish being known, so much on eachpound of the rateable value as will equal the amount required to be raised is levied, and is known as the " rate." See further ENGLAND, Local
See also:TAXATION . Rating, in maritime vocabulary, is the
See also:classification of men according to
See also:rank, and was formerly employed to class
See also:ships of a
See also:navy according to strength . A sailor is said to be " rated A.B.," or in the navy " rated
See also:petty officer," "
See also:seaman," "
See also:gunner," and so on . The rating of ships began in the 17th century, and was at first done roughly by
See also:size and number of
See also:crew . Later the rating was by guns . Thus in 1741 in the
See also:British navy there were six rates: 1st, roo guns; slid, 90; 3rd, 70 to 8o; 4th, 5o to 6o; 5th, 40; and 6th, so . Sloops,
See also:bomb-vessels and royal yachts were said to be not rated . The classification of ships into six rates, and into rated and non-rated ships, continued during the existence of the old sailing fleets, with modifications in detail . The practice of other navies was similar to the British .
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