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GERHARD VOM RATH (183o-1888)

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Originally appearing in Volume V22, Page 916 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GERHARD VOM RATH (183o-1888), German mineralogist, was born at Dinsburg in Prussia, on the loth of August 183o. He was educated at Cologne, at Bonn University, and finally at Berlin, where he graduated Ph.D. in 1853. In 1856 he became assistant to Noggerath in the mineralogical museum at Bonn, and succeeded to the directorship in 1872. Mean-while in 1863 he was appointed extraordinary professor of geology, and in 1872 he became professor of geology and mineralogy in the university at Bonn. He was distinguished for his accurate researches on mineralogy and crystallography; he described a great many new minerals, some of which were discovered by him, and he contributed largely to our know-ledge of other minerals, notably in an essay on tridymite. He travelled much in southern Europe, Palestine and the United States, and wrote several essays on petrology, geology and physical geography, on earthquakes and on meteorites. He died at Coblenz on the 23rd of April 1888. His separate publications included Ein Ausflug each Kalabrien (1871); Der Monzoni im sudostlichen Tirol (1875); and Durch Italien and Griechenland nach dem Heiligen Land (2 vols., '882). See Obituary with bibliography by Professor H. Laspeyres, in Sitzungsbericht des nat. Vereins der preussischen Rheinlande (1888).
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