See also:empire, after
See also:Constantine, the title rector was
See also:borne by
See also:governors of provinces subordinate to the prefects or exarchs . In the
See also:middle ages it was given to certain secular officials, e.g. the podestas of some
See also:Italian towns, but more especially to the heads of the
See also:universities, the representatives and rulers of the universitas magistrorum et scholarium, elected usually for a very
See also:time . After the humanistic
See also:movement of the
See also:Renaissance the
See also:style rector was also given to the chief masters of
See also:schools containing several classes, and in some parts of Germany (e.g . Saxony,
See also:Wurttemberg) it is still thus used instead of the more
See also:modern title of Director . Rector is also still the title of the heads of the Scottish universities (
See also:Lord Rector), who are elected for three years, and of the German universities (Rector Magnificus), in which the
See also:office is held for a
See also:year by a representative of each
See also:faculty in turn . In those German universities where the rectorship is held by the
See also:sovereign (Rector Magnificentissimus), the acting
See also:head is known as Prorector . " Rector " is also the title of the heads of Exeter and Lincoln Colleges,
See also:Oxford . The heads of all Jesuit colleges are " rectors." As an ecclesiastical title rector was once loosely used for rulers of the
See also:Church generally, whether bishops, abbots or
See also:parish priests (see Du Cange, Rectores ecclesiarum) . The Rectores A postolici Patrimonii were clerics of the Roman
See also:Curia charged with the
See also:duty of looking after the interests of the patrimony of St
See also:Peter . The ecclesiastical title rector, however, became ultimately confined in certain parts of
See also:Europe (Poland, Spain and notably England) to the office of a
See also:priest having a cure of souls . In its
See also:English use it is thus synonymous with " curate" in the sense used in the Prayer
See also:Book .
In the middle ages a large number of rectories were held by religious houses, whichdrew the bulk of the
See also:tithes and appointed vicars to do the
See also:work . Hence the modern distinction in England between rectors and vicars . A rector is incumbent of a
See also:benefice never held under a monastery, and he receives all the tithes; a
See also:vicar (i.e. of an
See also:ancient benefice) draws only such tithes as were
See also:left to the benefice by the religious
See also:house which held it . On the suppression of the monasteries the "
See also:great tithes " were often bestowed by the
See also:crown on laymen, who, as owning the rectorial tithes, were and are known as "
See also:lay rectors." It follows that, rectories being usually richer than vicarages, the style of " rector " is in England slightly more dignified than that of " vicar." In the
See also:Protestant Episcopal Church the incumbents of churches are called rectors .
FIPPLE FLUTE RECORDER
RECUSANT (from Lat. recusare, to refuse)
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