Online Encyclopedia

REIN

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V23, Page 55 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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REIN, a guiding or controlling leather strap or thong, attached to the bit of a ridden or driven horse (see SADDLERY). The word is taken from the O. Fr. rene, modern rem, and is usually traced to a supposed Late Latin substantive retina formed from retinere, to hold back, restrain, cf. classical Latin retinaculum, halter. The word, usually in the plural, has been often used figuratively, as a type of that which guides, restrains or controls, e.g. in such phrases as the " reins of government," &c. The " reins," i.e. the kidneys (Lat. renes, cf. Gr. 4piiv, the midriff), or the place where the kidneys are situated, hence the loins, also, figuratively, the seat of the emotions or affections, must be distinguished.
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JOSEPH REINACH (1856- )

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