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REREDOS (Anglo-Fr. areredos, from are...

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Originally appearing in Volume V23, Page 181 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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REREDOS (Anglo-Fr. areredos, from arere, behind, and dos, back), an ornamental screen of stone or wood built up, or forming a facing to the wall behind an altar in a church. Reredoses are frequently decorated with representations of the Passion, niches containing statues of saints, and the like. In England these were for the most part destroyed at the Reformation or by the Puritans later; a few medieval examples, however, survive, e.g. at Christchurch, Hants. In some large cathedrals e.g. Winchester, Durham, St Albans, the reredos is a mass of splendid tabernacle work, reaching nearly to the groining. In small churches the reredos is usually replaced by a hanging or parament behind the altar, known as a dossal or dorsal. (See also ALTAR.) For the legality of images on reredoses in the Church of England, see IMAGE. The use of the word reredos for the iron or brick back of an open fire-place is all but obsolete. RESCHE1i SCHEIDECK. This Alpine pass is in some sort the pendant of the Brenner Pass, but leads from the upper valley of the Inn or Engadine to the upper valley of the Adige. It is but 4902 ft. in height. Near the summit is the hamlet of Reschen, while some way below is the former hospice of St Valentin auf der Haid, mentioned as early as 1140. Starting from Landeck, the carriage road runs up the Inn valley to Pfunds, whence it mounts above- the gorge of FinstermUnz to the village of Nauders (274 m.) where the road from the Swiss Engadine falls in (532 M. from St Moritz). Thence the road mounts gently to the pass, and then descends, with the infant Adige, to Mals (152 m.), whence the pass is sometimes wrongly named Malserheide. The road now descends the upper Adige valley, or Vintschgau, past Meran (374 m.) to Botzen (20 M. from Meran, or ioo m. from Landeck) where the Brenner route is joined. (W. A. B. C.)
End of Article: REREDOS (Anglo-Fr. areredos, from arere, behind, and dos, back)
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