REWARD , recompense, a
See also:gift or payment in return for services rendered . " Reward " and " regard " are forms of the same word . Old French, from which both words came into
See also:English, also had rewarder and regarder (the latter
See also:form only surviving in
See also:modern French), from re-, back, in return, and warder, garder, to
See also:watch, protect—ultimately a Teutonic word, from the
See also:base war-, to defend; cf . "
See also:ward " and " guard," which are thus also doublets . In early use in English, " re-ward " and " regard " were interchangeable in meaning; thus in Piers Plowman, xi . 129, " Reson
See also:rod forth and tok reward of no man," cf . " The towne doth receave . . . an annuall regard for the same " (a 16th-century reference quoted by the New English
See also:Dictionary from R . Willis and J . W .
See also:Clark, Archit . Hist. of Univ. of Cambridge, 1886) .
In use the words are now distinct, " regard " being restricted to such meanings as
See also:attention, respect, esteem,
See also:consideration . In English
See also:law the offering of rewards presents two distinct aspects: (I) with reference to the nature of the information or
See also:act for the giving or doing whereof the reward is offered; (2) with reference to the nature of the relation created between the
See also:person offering and the person claiming the reward . I . Courts of
See also:assize and quarter sessions are empowered to
See also:order the payment of rewards to persons who have been active in or towards the apprehension of persons charged with certain specified crimes against person and
See also:property (Criminal Law, 1826, ss . 28, 29; Criminal
See also:Justice Administration Act 1851, ss . 7, 8) . The rewards are payable according to a scale fixed by the home secretary . In the case of courts of quarter sessions the maximum is £5 . Courts of assize may award a larger sum where extraordinary courage and
See also:diligence have been shown towards the apprehension . The sums awarded are paid out of the
See also:rate or fund chargeable with the
See also:costs of assizes and sessions . It is illegal to advertise for the recovery of stolen property (including
See also:dogs) on terms of not asking questions (
See also:Larceny Act 1861, s . 102;• Larceny Advertisements Acts 1870, s .
3) . The advertiser and the newspaper which publishes it incur a
See also:penalty of L5o . (See Mirams v . Our Dogs
See also:Publishing Co., 1901, 2 K.B . 564.) It is a criminal offence at
See also:common law to offer any reward on terms leading to compounding a
See also:felony or sheltering the offender (R. v .
See also:Burgess, 1886, 16 Q.B.D . 141), and under the Larceny Act 1861 (ss . 2o, lox) it is criminal to accept a reward for recovery of stolen property without bringing the thief to justice . 2 .
REWA, or RIWA
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