Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V23, Page 281 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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DUKE AUGUSTIN FERNANDEZ MUSOZ RIANSARES of (r8o8 or 1810-1873), morganatic husband of Maria Christina, queen and regent of Spain, was born at Taranc6n, in the province of Cuenca, in New Castile. His father was the keeper of an " estanco " or office for the sale of the tobacco of the government monopoly. He enlisted in the bodyguard, and attracted the attention of the queen. According to one account, he distinguished himself by stopping the runaway horses of her carriage; according to another, he only picked up her hand-kerchief; a third and scandalous explanation of his fortune has been given. It is certain that the queen married him privately, very soon after the death of her husband on the 29th of September 1833. By publishing her marriage, Maria Christina would have forfeited the regency; but her relations with Munoz were perfectly well known. When on the 13th of August 1836 the soldiers on duty at the summer palace, La Granja, mutinied and forced the regent to grant a constitution, it was generally, though wrongly, believed that they over-came her reluctance by seizing Munoz, whom they called her " guapo," or fancy man, and threatening to shoot him. When in 184o the queen found her position intolerable and fled the country, Munoz went with her and the marriage was published, and on the overthrow of Espartero in 1843 the couple returned. In 1844 Queen Isabella II., who was now declared to be of age, gave her consent to her mother's marriage, which was publicly performed. Munoz was created duke of Riansares and made a knight of the Golden Fleece. By Louis Philippe, king of the French, he was created duke of Mont=Morot and Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour. Until his wife was finally driven, from Spain by the revolutionary movement of 1854, the duke is credibly reported to have applied himself to making a large fortune out of railway concessions and by judicious stock exchange speculations. Political ambitions he had none, and it is said that he declined the offer of the crown of Ecuador. All authorities agree that he was not only good-looking, but kindly and well-bred. He died five years before his wife at L'Adresse, near Havre, on the 11th of September 1873. Several children were born of the marriage.
RIAZ PASHA (c. 1835– )

Additional information and Comments

Dear Sirs: I beg to disagree with your information. The correct name of the Duque of Riansares was: Joaquin Fernando Munoz Sanchez. I am one of his direct descendants from his four son. Your very truly, Rodrigo Munoz De Ribadeneira
That person in no descendant of the first Duke of Riànsares and his name was AGUSTIN FERNANDO and NO as he says
That person is not a descendant of the first Duke of Riànsares and NO as he says because of the sons of the first duke is only married the second one and the others are death when they were 20 years old .He doesent know anything about the House of Riànsares .
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