marshal of France, was a grandnephew of
See also:Richelieu, and was
See also:born in
See also:Paris on the 13th of
See also:March 1696 . Apart from his reputation as a man of exceptionally loose morals, he attained, in spite of a deplorably defective
See also:education, distinction as a diplomatist and general . As
See also:ambassador to Vienna (1725-29) he settled in 1727 the preliminaries of peace; in 1733-34 he served in . the Rhine
See also:campaign . His real public career began ten years later . He fought with distinction at
See also:Dettingen and
See also:Fontenoy, where he directed the grapeshot upon the
See also:English columns, and three years afterwards he made a brilliant defence of Genoa; in 1756 he expelled the English from
See also:Minorca by the capture of the
See also:San Felipe fortress; and in 1757-58 he closed his military career by those pillaging
See also:campaigns in Hanover which procured him the
See also:sobriquet of
See also:Petit Pere de la Maraude . After the
See also:wars he plunged again into
See also:court intrigue, favouredthe comtesse du
See also:Barry and supported his
See also:nephew the duc d'
See also:Aiguillon .
See also:Louis XVI., however, was not favourably inclined to hiln . In his early-days he was thrice imprisoned in the Bastille: in 1711 at the instance of his stepfather, in 1716 in consequence of a duel, and in 1719 for his
See also:share in
See also:conspiracy against the
See also:Orleans . He was thrice married: first, against his will, at the age of fourteen to Anne Catherine de
See also:Noailles; secondly, in 1734, by the intrigues (according to the witty Frenchman's own account) of Voltaire, to
See also:Marie Elisabeth Sophie, Mademoiselle de Guise; and thirdly, when he was eighty-four years old, to an Irish
See also:lady . He died in Paris on the 8th of
See also:August 1788 . Marshal Richelieu's Memoires, published by J . L .
Soulavie in nine volumes (1790), are partially
See also:spurious . See H . Noel
See also:Williams, The Fascinating Duc de Richelieu (1910) .
ARMAND JEAN DU PLESSIS RICHELIEU
JEAN RICHEPIN (1849- )
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