See also:political adventurer and
See also:minister; was a native of
See also:Groningen in the
See also:Netherlands, According to ,a
See also:story which he himself set going during his adventures in Spain, his
See also:family was of Spanish origin . But there does not appear to be any foundation for this assertion . The name was not uncommon in Groningen, and was
See also:borne by several persons of some note in the 16th and 17th centuries, one of whom was a follower of
See also:William the Silent .. They were
See also:people. of some position, possessing "lordships " at Jansinia, Poelgast, and other places, and some at least of them were
See also:Roman Catholics .
See also:John William, if he was, as he asserted,
See also:born a Roman Catholic, conformed to Dutch Calvinism in
See also:order to obtain his election as delegate to the states-general from Groningen . In 1715 he was sent by the Dutch
See also:government as
See also:ambassador to
See also:Madrid .
See also:Simon says that his character for probity was even then considered doubtful . The
See also:fortune of Orry,
See also:Alberoni and other foreigners in Spain, showed that the
See also:court of
See also:Philip V. offered a career to adventurers . Ripperda—whose name is commonly spelt Riperda by the Spaniards—devoted himself to. the Spanish government, and professed himself a Roman Catholic . He first attached himself to Alberoni, and after the fall of that minister he became the
See also:agent of
See also:Elizabeth Farnese, the restless and intriguing wife of Philip V . Though perfectly unscrupulous in
See also:money matters, and of a singularly vain and blustering disposition, he did under-stand commercial questions, and he has the merit of having pointed out that the poverty of Spain was mainly due to the neglect of its
See also:agriculture . But his fortune was not due to any service of a useful kind he rendered his masters .
See also:rose by undertaking to aid the
See also:queen, whose influence over her
See also:husband was boundless, in her schemes for securing the succession to
See also:Plasencia and Tuscany for her sons .
See also:Ripperda was sent as
See also:envoy to Vienna in 1725 . He behaved with ridiculous violence, but the
See also:Austrian government, which was under the influence of its own fixed idea, treated him seriously . The result of ten months of very
See also:diplomacy was a treaty by which the emperor promised very little, but and shares to be sold at $25; (2)
See also:land to be limited to 40 acres for each member. of the corporation; (3) 'a unanimous
See also:vote of the managers necessary for
See also:admission; (4) ap
See also:annual settlement of profits on the basis of one-quarter
See also:credit to dividend on stock, and three-quarters credit to labour; (5)
See also:free public
See also:schools, capital paying three-quarters and labour one-quarter of cost; and (6)
See also:complete religious toleration and no,,: involuntary
See also:taxation for
See also:church support . See D . P . Mapes,
See also:History of Ripon (
See also:Milwaukee, Wis., 1873) ;
See also:Consul W . Butterfield, History of Fond du
See also:County (188o); W . A . Hinds,
See also:American Communities and Co-operative Colonies (3rd ed., Chicago, 1908), and F . A . Flower, History of the Republican Party Spain was bound to pay heavy subsidies, which its exhausted
See also:treasury was quite unable to afford .
The emperor hoped to obtain money . Elizabeth Farnese hoped to secure the
See also:Italian duchies for her sons, and some vague stipulations were made that
See also:Charles VI. should give his aid for the recovery by Spain of
See also:Gibraltar and
See also:Minorca . When Ripperda returned to Madrid at the close of 1725 he asserted that the emperor expected him to be made
See also:prime minister . The Spanish sovereigns, who were overawed by this quite unfounded assertion, allowed him to grasp the most important posts under the
See also:crown . He excited the violent hostility of the Spaniards, and entered into a complication of intrigues with the French and
See also:English governments . His career was
See also:short . In 1726 the Austrian envoy, who had vainly pressed for the payment of the promised subsidies, came to an explanation with the Spanish sovereigns . It was discovered that Ripperda had not only made promises that he was not authorized to make, but had misappropriated large sums of money . The sovereigns who had made him duke and
See also:grandee shrank from covering themselves with ridicule by revealing the way in which they had been deceived . Ripperda was dismissed with the promise of a pension . Being in terror of the hatred of the Spaniards, he took
See also:refuge in the English
See also:embassy . To secure the favour of the English envoy, Colonel William Stanhope, afterwards
See also:Lord Harrington, he betrayed the secrets of his government .
Stanhope could not protect him, and he was sent as a prisoner to the
See also:castle of
See also:Segovia . In 1728 he escaped, probably with the connivance of the government, and made his way to
See also:Holland . His last years are obscure . It is said that he reverted to Protestantism, and then went to
See also:Morocco, where he became a
See also:Mahommedan and commanded the Moors in an unsuccessful attack on
See also:Ceuta . But this story is founded on his so-called
See also:Memoirs, which are in fact a
See also:tale of adventure published at Amsterdam in 1740 . All that is really known is that he did go to Morocco, and that he died at
See also:Tetuan in 1737 . See
See also:Arnold Ritter von
See also:Arneth, Prinz Eugen von Savo yen (Vienna, 1864), for the negotiations of 1725, and
See also:Gabriel Syveton, Une Cour et un aventurier au X VIII, sii cle (
See also:Paris, 1896) . His Memoirs were translated into English by J .
See also:London, 1750 .
1ST MARQUESS OF GEORGE FREDERICK SAMUEL ROBINSON RI...
WILLIAM RISHANGER (c. 1250-c. 1312),
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