Online Encyclopedia

RIVAL

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V23, Page 373 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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RIVAL, one who competes with another, one who strives to out-do or excel another or to gain an object or end before or in preference to, another. The Latin rivalis, which. was in classical Latin used of a competitor in love, meant by derivation one who used the same brook or stream (rivus) as another, hence a neighbour; thus in the Digest, xliii. 20, i. 26, " si inter rivales, id est qui per eundem rivum aquam ducunt, sit contentio de aquae usu." The term naturally applied more particularly to those who lived on opposite sides of a stream which would be a frequent subject of dispute as to rights.
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ANTOINE DE RIVAROL (1753-1801)

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