ROCHDALE , a municipal,
See also:county and
See also:borough of
See also:Lancashire, England, on the
See also:river Roch, ioa m . N.N.E. from Manchester and 196 m . N.W. by N. from
See also:London, on the Lancashire &
See also:Yorkshire railway . Pop . (1891) 76,161; (1901) 83,114 . By means of the Rochdale canal and connexions it has
See also:water communications in every direction . The site rises sharply from the Roch, near its confluence with the Spodden, and from the high-lying public
See also:park of Rochdale
See also:fine views of the picturesque neighbourhood are obtained . Several interesting old houses remain in the vicinity of the
See also:town . The
See also:church of St Chad is built on the site of a church erected in the 12th century, but itself retains no portion earlier than the Perpendicular
See also:period . In the churchyard is buried
See also:John Collier (1708-1786), a
See also:local author, artist and caricaturist, who was among the first to recognize and utilize in writing the
See also:humour of the Lancashire dialect, and attained considerable fame under the pseudonym of Tim Bobbin . The town
See also:hall is an extensive and elaborate structure in the Decorated
See also:style, with a tower . Of educational charities the
See also:principal is the Archbishop
See also:free grammar school, founded in 1565 .
There are also technical and
See also:schools; and a large
See also:Roman Catholic orphanage . Among other public institutions are the public library, the infirmary, the
See also:literary and scientific society and the art society . Rochdale was the birthplace of the co-operative
See also:movement . The Equitable Pioneers Society (1844) numbers over 1r,000 members, with a capital of over £350,000 . A handsome co-operative
See also:store, belonging to the Rochdale Provident Co-operative Society, was opened in 1900 . A statue of John Bright (1891) recalls the connexion of the statesman and his
See also:family with Rochdale . The
See also:staple manufactures are those of woollens and cottons . There are, besides, foundries, iron-
See also:works and machine-factories .
See also:Coal and
See also:stone are obtained extensively in the neighbourhood . Frequent
See also:cattle and
See also:horse fairs are held . Rochdale was incorporated in 1856, and includes several townships . The corporation consists of a mayor, ro aldermen and 30 councillors .
The county borough was created in 1888 . The parliamentary borough, which has returned one member since 1832, falls between the
See also:Middleton and Heywood divisions of the county .
See also:Area of municipal borough, 6446 acres . Rochdale (Recedham, Rachedam, Rachedal) takes its name from the river on which it stands . A Roman road passed the site, and a Saxon
See also:castle stood in
See also:Castleton, one of the component parts of the town . In
See also:Edward the
See also:Confessor's reign most of the
See also:land was held by Camel the Thane, but after the
See also:Conquest the
See also:manor probably came into the hands of Roger de Poictou, from whom it passed to the Lacys and like their other lands became merged in the duchy of Lan-caster . From 1462 to 1625 the
See also:crown seems to have leased it to the
See also:Byron family . In 1625
See also:Charles I. conveyed the manor in
See also:trust for the
See also:earl of
See also:Holdernesse, and in 1638 it was sold to
See also:Sir John Byron, afterwards Baron Byron of Rochdale, whose descendants held it till 1823 when it was sold to the Deardens . Manor courts are still held periodically .
See also:Henry III. in 1240-41 granted by
See also:charter to Edmund de
See also:Lacy the right to hold a weekly market on Wednesday and an
See also:fair on the feast of SS
See also:Simon and
See also:Jude (28th
See also:October) . Early in
See also:George III.'s reign the market
See also:day was changed to
See also:Monday . Two of the early
See also:industries, cutlery and
See also:hat-making, date from about the
See also:middle of the 16th century .
The woollenindustry is generally, but erroneously, said to have been introduced by Flemish immigrants in Edward III.'s reign; but, with the cognate trades ofdyeing and fulling, its importance only
See also:dates from the early
See also:part of the 17th century . It was not till 1795 that a
See also:mill was built here, and in the latter
See also:half of the 18th century the town was famed for its woollen, not its cotton manufactures . See H . Fishwick,
See also:History of the Parish of Rochdale (1889) .
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