See also:born in
See also:Paris on the 1st of
See also:March 1846 .
See also:Pupil of Ger6me and
See also:Bonnat at the Ecole
See also:Beaux Arts, he made his debut at the
See also:Salon in 1870 with " Environs of
See also:Baccarat " and " Evening," and attracted the widest
See also:attention in 1875 by his
See also:painting of " The
See also:Flood at Toulouse " (now at the Havre Museum) . All his early
See also:work is imbued with the spirit of romanticism under the influence of Gericault, whilst his
See also:colour tended to Bolognese heaviness with a strong leaning towards dark shadows in the flesh painting, in which he closely followed
See also:Courbet . In 1877 he showed at the Salon the " Fete of
See also:Silenus " (now at the
See also:Ghent Museum), a painting of such vivid colour and exuberant
See also:life that it recalls the work of
See also:Jordaens . About this
See also:time he began to devote himself to the realistic rendering of
See also:modern life, especially among the working classes, and together with romantic subjects he abandoned his earlier heavy colouring, and devoted himself to the study of
See also:light . His " Miners' Strike " of 188o (now at the
See also:Valenciennes Museum) placed him in the front
See also:rank of modern French painters, and from that date his career was one of continuous and brilliant success . He became " official painter " to the French
See also:government, and was entrusted with numerous commissions for the decoration of public buildings and for commemorative pictures, like the "
See also:Carnot at
See also:Versailles at the
See also:Centenary of the Etats Generaux " (now at Versailles Palace), and " The Tzar and President
See also:Faure laying the Foundation
See also:Stone of the Alexandre III .
See also:Bridge." For the Hotel de Ville he executed " The Pleasures of Life " and " The Rosetime of Youth." Besides the pictures already mentioned, a vast number of his
See also:works are to be found in the public galleries of France . The museum of the Hotel de Ville in Paris owns his "
See also:National Fete at Paris in 188o "; the
See also:Cognac Museum, " Labour, Works at Suresnes "; the Luxembourg, his " War " and " Manda Lametrie,
See also:hand." At
See also:Avignon Museum is the " Don Juan and Haidee "; at Laval Museum, "
See also:Halt ! "; at
See also:Fontainebleau Palace, " In
See also:Normandy "; at
See also:Pau Museum, " Roubey, cementer"; and at the Museum of
See also:Geneva, " Marianne Offrey, crieuse de vert." In
See also:portraiture he is known by his " Yves Guyot," " Coquelin
See also:cadet," " Jules
See also:Simon," &c., but his greatest success was the
See also:group of " Fritz Thaulow and his Wife." In 1905 he replaced Carolus-Duran as president of the Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts, of which he was one of the founders .
ROLL (O. Fr. rolle, roulle, mod. role, Lat. rotulus...
JOHN ROLLAND (fl. 1560)
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