See also:American lawyer and
See also:leader, was
See also:born at
See also:Clinton, New
See also:York, on the 15th of
See also:February 1845, the son of Oren
See also:Root (d . 1885),
See also:professor of
See also:mathematics at
See also:College from 1849-81 . He graduated at Hamilton College in 1864, taught at the Rome (N.Y.) Academy in 1865, and graduated at the University
See also:Law School, New York City, in 1867 . As a corporation lawyer he soon attained high
See also:rank and was counsel in many famous cases . Politically, he became identified with the reform
See also:element of the Republican party . He was
See also:United States
See also:attorney for the
See also:District of New York (1883-85), and a delegate to the State Constitutional
See also:Convention of 1894, acting as chairman of its judiciary
See also:committee . From
See also:August 1899 until February 1904 he was secretary of war in the cabinets of Presidents
See also:McKinley and
See also:Roosevelt, and in this position reorganized the army and created a general
See also:staff, and in general administered his department with
See also:great ability during a
See also:period marked by the Boxer uprising in
See also:China, whither troops were sent under General A . R .
See also:Chaffee, the insurrection of the Filipinos, the withdrawal of the United States troops from
See also:Cuba, and the
See also:establishment of a
See also:government for the Philippines under a Philippine Commission, for which he drew up the " instructions," in reality comprising a constitution, a judicial
See also:code and a
See also:system of
See also:laws . In 1903 he was a member of the Alaskan Boundary Tribunal . In
See also:July 1905 he re-entered
See also:President Roosevelt's
See also:cabinet as secretary of state . In the summer of 1906, during a visit to the
See also:Conference at Rio de Janeiro, he was elected its honorary president, and during a tour through the Latin-American republics, brought about a better understanding between the United States and these republics .
In general he did much to further the cause of
See also:international peace, and he concluded
See also:treaties of arbitration with
See also:Japan, Great Britain, France, Italy, Spain,
See also:Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark,
See also:Holland and other countries . Upon his resignation from the cabinet he was elected, in
See also:January 1909, as United States senator from New York . In 1910 he was chief counsel for the United States before the
See also:Hague tribunal for the arbitration of the long-
See also:standing dispute concerning
See also:fisheries between his
See also:country and Great Britain (see
See also:NEWFOUNDLAND) . He received the degree of LL.D. from Hamilton, 1896; Yale, 1900;
See also:Columbia, 1904; New York University, 1904;
See also:Williams, 1905;
See also:Princeton, 1906; University of Buenos Aires, 1906; University of
See also:San Marcos, of
See also:Lima, 1906; and Harvard, 1907 .
ROOT (late O.E. rot, adopted from Scand., cf. Norw....
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