Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V23, Page 815 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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RUDESHEIM, a town of Germany in the Prussian Rhine province on the right bank of the Rhine, 19 m. S.W. of Wiesbaden by the main line from Frankfort-on-Main to Cologne. Pop. (1905) 4773. Its situation, at the lower end of the famous vineyard district of the Rheingau, opposite Bingen and just above the romantic gorge of the Rhine, renders it a popular tourist centre. Behind the town rises the majestic Niederwald (985 ft.), on the crest of which stands the national monument, " Germania," commemorating the war of 1870-71. Rtidesheim has some interesting towers. The Bromserburg, or Niederburg, a massive structure built in the 13th century, formerly belonging to the archbishops of Mainz; the Boosenburg, or Oberburg, which was rebuilt in 1868, with the exception of the keep; the Adlerturm, a relic of the fortifications of the town; and the Vorderburg, the remains of an old castle. The Gothic church of St James has some interesting paintings and monuments, and there is also a Protestant church. The town has electrical works, but its industries are mainly concerned with the preparation of wine, the best kinds being Rudesheimer Berg, Hinterhaus and Rottland. See J, P. Schmelzeis, Rudesheim im Rheingau (Rudesheim, 1881); and Heiderlinden, Rudesheim and seine Umgebung (Rudesheim, 1888).
End of Article: RUDESHEIM
RUDERAL (Lat. rudus, rubbish)

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