See also:British engineer, was
See also:born in 18o8 near
See also:Glasgow, a " son of the manse," and was at first destined for the
See also:ministry . But this intention on his
See also:part was changed in consequence of the boy's early leanings towards
See also:practical science . He attended in succession the
See also:universities of St Andrews,
See also:Edinburgh and Glasgow,—taking his degree in the last-named at the age of sixteen . After spending a couple of years in workshops, he settled in Edinburgh as a lecturer on science, and soon attracted large classes . In 1832–33 he was engaged to give the natural philosophy course at the university, the
See also:chair having become vacant by the
See also:death of
See also:Leslie . In the following
See also:year he began his remarkable series of observations on waves . Having been consulted as to the possibility of utilizing steam-navigation on the Edinburgh & Glasgow canal, he replied that the question could not be answered without experiments, which he was willing to undertake if a portion of the canal were placed at his disposal . The results of this inquiry are to be found in the Trans .
See also:Roy .
See also:Soc . Ed . (vol. xiv.), and in the British Association Reports (seventh
See also:meeting) .
The existence of thelong
See also:wave, or wave of
See also:translation, with many of its most important features, was here first recognized, and it was clearly pointed out why there is a
See also:rate, depending on the
See also:depth of the
See also:water, at which a canal-
See also:boat can be towed at the least
See also:expenditure of effort by the
See also:horse . The elementary mathematical theory of the long wave was soon supplied by commentators on
See also:work, and a more
See also:complete investigation was subsequently given by Sir G . G . Stokes . Russell indulged in many extraordinary and groundless speculations, some of which were published in a
See also:volume, The Wave of Translation (1885) . His observations led him to propose and experiment on a new
See also:system of shaping vessels, known as the wave system, which culminated in :the
See also:building of the "
See also:Great Eastern." His activity and ingenuity were also displayed in many other
See also:fields,—steam-coaches for roads, improvements in boilers and in marine engines, the immense iron dome of the Vienna
See also:Exhibition, cellular
See also:double bottoms for iron
See also:ships, &c . With Mr Stafford
See also:Northcote (afterwards
See also:Lord Iddesleigh), he was joint-secretary of the Great Exhibition of 1851; and he was one of the chief founders of the Institution of
See also:Naval Architects . He died at
See also:Ventnor on the 8th of
See also:June 1882 .
1ST EARL JOHN RUSSELL RUSSELL (1792-1878)
LORD WILLIAM RUSSELL (1639–1683)
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