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FRANK RUTLEY (1842-1904)

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Originally appearing in Volume V23, Page 946 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FRANK RUTLEY (1842-1904), English geologist and petrographer, was born at Dover on, the 14th of May 1842. : He was educated partly at Bonn; but his interest in geology was kindled at the Royal School of Mines, where he studied from 1862-64; he then joined the army, and served as lieutenant until 1867, when he became an Assistant Geologist on the Geological Survey. Working then in the Lake district, he began to make a special study of rocks and rock-forming minerals, and soon qualified as acting petrographer on the Geological Survey. For several years he worked in this capacity at the Museum in Jermyn Street: he described the volcanic rocks of E. Somerset and the Bristol district in 1876, and wrote special memoirs: on The Eruptive Rocks of Brent Tor (1878), and on The Felsitic Lavas of England and Wales (1885). He was the author of an exceedingly useful little book on Mineralogy (1894; 12th ed., moo); also of The Study of Rocks (1879; 2nd ed., 1881), Rock forming Minerals (1888), and Granites and Greenstones (1894) ; and of a number of petrographical papers, dealing with perlitic and spherulitic structures, with the rocks of the Malvern Hills, &c. In 1882 he was appointed lecturer on Mineralogy in the Royal College of Science, and held this post until ill-health compelled him to retire in 1898. He died in London on the 16th of May 1904. Obituary (by H. B. Woodward), with bibliography, in Geol. Mug. (JuIY 1904)•
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