See also:English astronomer and geodesist, was
See also:born in
See also:Dublin on the 14th of
See also:October 1788, a
See also:scion of a
See also:family said to be of
See also:Italian origin . He was educated at the Royal Military Academy,
See also:Woolwich, and obtained a commission in the royal
See also:artillery at the age of fifteen, attaining the
See also:rank of major-general in 1859 . His only experience of warfare seems to have been at the
See also:siege of Fort
See also:Erie (
See also:Canada) in 1814 . In early
See also:life he devoted himself to astronomy and
See also:physical geography, and in consequence he was appointed astronomer to `various expeditions, among others that of
See also:Sir J .
See also:Ross (1818) in
See also:search of the
See also:North-West Passage, and that of Sir E .
See also:Parry soon afterwards . Later, he spent long periods on the inter-tropical coasts of Africa and
See also:America, and again among the snows of Spitzbergen . He was associated with
See also:Williams Chisholm and others as a member of the Royal Commission of 1868–1869 for standardizing weights and
See also:measures .
See also:Sabine was for ten years (1861–1871)
See also:president of the Royal Society, and was made K.C.B. in 1869 . He died at East Sheen, Surrey, on the 26th of May 1883 . Of Sabine's scientific
See also:work two branches in particular deserve very high credit—his determination of the length of the second's pendulum, and his extensive researches connected with terrestrial magnetism . The
See also:establishment of a
See also:system of magnetic observatories in various parts of
See also:British territory all over the globe was accomplished mainly on his representations; and a
See also:part of his life was devoted to their direction, and, to the reduction and discussion of the observations .
While themajority of his researches bear on one or other of the. subjects just mentioned, others
See also:deal with such widely different topics as the birds of
See also:land, ocean temperatures, the Gulf Stream, barometric measurement of heights, arcs of meridian, glacier transport of rocks, the volcanoes of the Hawaiian Islands, and various points of meteorology .
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